Сделай Сам Свою Работу на 5

Диссоциативные состояния в сравнении с психопатиями

 

Как было отмечено в главе 7, некоторые антисоциальные лю­ди имеют Диссоциативные защиты. Различение социопатов с дис­социативными чертами и диссоциативных людей с социопатиче-ской частью личности — умопомрачительно трудная задача. В основном потому, что ко времени, когда возникает данный воп-

рос, от него зависит много правовых последствий. Индивид, об­виняемый в серьезном преступлении, делает большую ставку на то, чтобы убедить судью или присяжных во "множественности". Реже персекуторная часть собственного "Я" пытается наказать лич­ность-хозяина, оценивая собственное "Я" антисоциально. Будет благоразумно подозревать психопатию, когда кто-то имеет серьез­ные причины симулировать. Некоторые недавние книги в жанре "настоящих преступлений" (Weissberg, 1992) исследуют сложно­сти, связанные с психологическими хитросплетениями, которые возникают в тех случаях, когда подозреваемый выдает себя за мно­жественную личность. Если мы действительно выступаем за достоверную дифференцировку сущностно диссоциативных и сущностно психопатичес­ких людей (даже если существует значительная вторичная выгода для пациента в представлении тем или иным образом), последствия для системы правосудия могут быть очень важны. Поскольку дис-социативные личности (за исключением наиболее полифрагменти-рованных) имеют хороший прогноз, должна быть заметная польза в плане предотвращения дальнейших преступлений от проведения интенсивной психотерапии с теми преступниками, у которых об­наружено нарушение в виде множественной личности. Клиници­сты могут излечивать диссоциацию более быстро, чем они моди­фицируют антисоциальные паттерны. В условиях ограниченных средств люди, работающие в тюрьмах или в исправительной сис­теме, могли бы сконцентрировать свои усилия на этих более чув­ствительных к их помощи клиентах.

Заключение

В настоящей главе я обсудила историю понятия диссоциации и ее интигующего характерологического варианта, нарушения в виде множественной личности. В объяснении индивидуального развития диссоциации как ядерного процесса я отметила консти-туциональный талант к самогипнозу, часто сосуществующий с высоким интеллектом, креативностью и социофилией. Эти фак­торы могут предрасполагать индивида к ответу на травму диссоци­ативными защитами, невидимыми для окружающих. Обсуждалась BASK-модель диссоциации Брауна в качестве альтернативы концеп­ции защит Фрейда. Объектные отношения диссоциативных людей



объяснялись как укорененные в травматическом абъюзе в детстве, не облегченном помощью в эмоциональной переработке такой раны. Собственное "Я" индивида с диссоциативной идентичнос­ тью обрисовано не только как фрагментированное, но также как пропитанное парализующими страхами и самообвинительными когнитивными структурами. Подчеркнута сила трансферных и контртрансферных реакций с диссоциативньши пациентами. Особенно то обстоятельство, что они провоцируют фантазии о спасении, а также сверхвовлеченность терапевта. Лечебные рекомендации при данном диагонозе делают упор на интернализации чувства базальной безопасности и коопе­ рации в терапевтических взаимоотношениях. Они включают обес­ печение воспоминаний и эмоционального постижения диссоции- рованного опыта; последовательную поддержку всех частей лично­ сти; установку на то, чтобы быть "реальным" и теплым, строго придерживаясь профессиональных границ; анализирование патоген­ ных верований; использование гипноза в качестве дополнения; уважение потребности клиента в достаточном количестве времени для допущения отреагирования и интеграции. Диссоциативная динамика отдифференцирована от шизофренических и биполярных психозов, пограничных состояний, истерической и психопатичес­ кой личностной организаций.

 

Дополнительная литература

 

Путнам (Putnam, 1989) и Росс (Ross, 1989) написали прекрас­ные фундаментальные тексты по диагностике и лечению диссоци-ативных состояний. Психоаналитически ориентированному чита­телю не надо отказываться от Росса из-за его несколько странного отношения к анализу. Его экспертное исследование огромно. Наиболее краткой статьей по множественной личности и диссоци­ации из всех, что я знаю, является обзор Клафта (Kluft'a, 1991). Глава о множественной личности в антологии Клафта и Фаина (Kluft & Fine, 1993) очень хороша и постоянно читается.

 

ЛИТЕРАТУРА

Abraham, К. (1924). A short study of the development of the libido, viewed in light of mental disorders. In Selected papers on psycho-analysis (pp. 418— 501). London: Hogarth Press, 1927. Abraham, K. (1935). The history of a swindler. Psychoanalytic Quarter­ly, 4, 570-587. Abrahamsen, D. (1985). Confessions of Son of Sam. New York: Colum­bia University Press. Adдer, A. (1927). Understanding human nature. Garden City, NY: Gar­den City Publishing. Adдer, G. (1972). Hospital management of borderline patients and its re­lationship to psychotherapy. In P. Hartcollis (Ed.), Borderline personality disorders: The concept, the syndrome, the patient (pp. 307—323). New York: International Universities Press. Adier, G. (1973). Hospital treatment of borderline patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 32—36. Adier, G, (1985). Borderline psychopathology and its treatment. New York: Jason Aronson. Adier, G., & Buie, D. (1979). The psychotherapeutic approach to alone-ness in the borderline patient. In J. LeBoit & A. Capponi (Eds.), Advances in psychotherapy of the borderline patient (pp. 433—448). New York: Jason Aronson. Adomo, T.W., Frenkl-Brunswick, E., Levinson, D.J., & Sanford, R.N. (1950). The authoritarian personality. New York: Harper. Aichhom, A. (1936). Wayward youth. London: Putnam. Akhtar, S. (1992). Broken structures: Severe personality disorders and their treatment. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Akiskal, H.S. (1984). Characterologic manifestations of affective disorders: Toward a new conceptualization. Integrative Psychiatry, 2, 83—88. Alien, D.W. (1977). Basic treatment issues. In M.J. Horowitz (Ed.), Hysterical personality (pp. 283—328). New York: Jason Aronson. Altschul, S. (Ed.). (1988). Childhood bereavement and its aftermath. Madison, CT: International Universities Press. American Psychiatric Association. (1968). Diagnostic and statistical man­ual of mental disorders (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical man­ual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical man­ual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.). Washington, DC: Author.

 

American Psychiatric Association. (1993, March 1). DSM—1V draft cri­ teria. Washington, DC: Author. Arieti, S. (1955). Interpretation of schisophrenia. New York: Brunner/ Mazel. Arieti, S. (1961). Introductory notes on the psychoanalytic therapy of schizophrenics. In A. Burton (Ed.), Psychotherapy of the psychoses (pp. 68— 89). New York: Basic Books. Arieti, S. (1974). Interpretation of schizophrenia (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books. Arlow, J.A., & Brenner, C. (1964). Psychoanalytic concepts and the struc­ tural theory. New York: International Universities Press. Aronson, M.L. (1964). A study of the Freudian theory of paranoia by means of the Rorschach Test. In C.F. Reed, I.E. Alexander, & S.S. Tomkins (Eds.), Psychopathology: A source book (pp. 370—387). New York: Wiley. Ashe, S.S. (1985). The masochistic personality. In R. Michels & J. Cave- nar (Eds.), Psychiatry 1 (pp. 1—9). Philadelphia: Lippincott. Bach, S. (1985). Narcissistic states and the therapeutic process. New York: Jason Aronson. Bak, R.C. (1946). Masochism in paranoia. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 15, 285-301. Balint, M. (1945). Friendly expanses — Horrid empty spaces. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 36, 225—241. Balint, M. (1960). Primary narcissism and primary love. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 29, 6—43. Balint, M. (1968). The basic fault: Therapeutic aspects of regression. Lon­ don: Tavistock. Bateson, G., Jackson, D.D., Haley, J., & Weakland, J. (1956). Toward a theory of schizophrenia. Behavioral Science, 1, 251—264. Baumeister, R.F. (1989). Masochism and the self. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Eribaum. Bellak, L., & Small, L. (1978). Emergency psychotherapy and brief psychotherapy. New York: Grune & Stratton. Beres, D. (1958). Vicissitudes of superego formation and superego precur­ sors in childhood. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 13, 324—335. Bergler, E. (1949). The basic neurosis. New York: Grune & Stratton. Bergman, P., & Escalona, S.K. (1949). Unusual sensitivities in very young children. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 3/4, 333—352. Bergmann, M.S. (1985). Reflections on the psychological and social func­tions of remembering the Holocaust. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 5, 9—20. Bergmann, M.S. (1987). The anatomy of loving: The story of man's quest to know what love is. New York: Columbia University Press. Berliner, B. (1958). The role of object relations in moral masochism. Psy­choanalytic Quarterly, 27, 38—56. Bernstein, D. (1993). Female identity conflict in clinical practice. North-vale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Bernstein, E.M., & Putnam, F.W. (1986). Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale. Journal of Mental and Nervous Disease, 179, 727-735. Bernstein, I. (1983), Masochistic psychology and feminine development. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 31, 467—486. Bertin, С. (1982). Marie Bonaparte: A life. New York: Quarter Books. Bettelheim, B. (1960). The informed heart: Autonomy in a mass age. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press. Bettelheim, B. (1983). Freud and man's soul. New York: Knopf. Bibring, E. (1953). The mechanism of depression. In P. Greenacre (Ed.), Affective disorders (pp. 13—48). New York: International Universities Press. Bion, W.R. (1959). Experiences in groups. New York: Basic Books. Bion, W.R. (1967). Second thoughts. New York: Jason Aronson. Biondi, R., & Hecox, W. (1992). The Dracula killer: The true story of California's vampire killer. New York: Pocket Books. Blanck, G., R Blanck, R. (1974). Ego psychology: Theory and practice. New York: Columbia University Press. Blanck, G., & Blanck, R. (1979). Ego psychology II: Psychoanalytic developmental psychology. New York: Columbia University Press. Blanck, G., & Blanck, R. (1986). Beyond ego psychology: Developmental object relations theory. New York: Columbia University Press. Blanck, R., & Blanck, G. (1968). Marriage and personal development. New York: Columbia University Press. Blatt, S.J. (1974). Levels of object representation in anaclitic and introjec-tive depression. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 24, 107—157. Blatt, S.J., & Bers, S. (1993). The sense of self in depression: A psycho­analytic perspective. In Z.V. Segal & S.J. Blatt (Eds.), The self in emotional distress: Cognitive and psychodynamic perspectives (pp. 171—210). New York: Guilford Press. Bleuler, E. (1911). Dementia praecox or the group of schizophrenias (J. Zinkin, Trans.). New York: International Universities Press, 1950. Bleuler, M. (1977), The schizophrenic disorders (S.M. Clemens, Trans.). New Haven: Yale University Press. Bellas, C. (1987). Loving hate. In The shadow of the object (pp. 117-134). New York: Columbia University Press. Bomstein, B. (1949). The analysis of a phobic child: Some problems of the­ory and technique in child analysis. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 3/4. 181-226. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Vol. I. Attachment. New York: Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 11. Separation: Anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books. Braude, S.E. (1991). First person plural: Multiple personality and the phi­losophy of mind. New York: Routledge, Chapman & Hall. Braun, B. G, (1984). Hypnosis creates multiple personality: Myth or re­ality? International Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 32, 191—197.

 

Braun, B.G. (1988). The BASK (behavior, affect, sensation, knowledge) model of dissociation. Dissociation, 1, 4—23. Braun, B.G., & Sacks, R.G. (1985). The development of multiple per­sonality disorder: Predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors. In R.P. Kluft (Ed.), Childhood antecedents of mulriple personality (pp. 37—64). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Brazelton, T.B. (1962). Observations of the neonate. Journal of the Amer­ican Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1, 38—58. Brazelton, T.B. (1980, May). New knowledge about the infant from cur­rent research: Implications for psychoanalysis. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Association, San Francisco. Brazelton, T.B. (1982). Joint regulation of neonate-parent behavior. In E. Tronick (Ed.), Social interchange in infancy. Baltimore: University Park Press. Brenman, M. (1952). On teasing and being teased and the problems of "moral masochism." Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 7, 264—285. Brenner, С. (1955). An elementary textbook of psychoanalysis. New York: International Universities Press. Brenner, C. (1959). The masochistic character. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 7, 197—226. Brenner, С. (1982). The calamities of childhood. In The mind in conflict (pp. 93—106). New York: International Universities Press. Breuer, J., & Freud, S. (1893—1895). Studies in hysteria. Standard Edi­tion, 2, 21A7. Brody, S., & Siegel, M. (1992). The evolution of character: Birth to eigh­teen years. A longitudinal study. New York: International Universities Press. Brown, R. (1965). Social psychology. New York: The Free Press. Buckley, P. (Ed.). (1988). Essential papers on psychosis. New York: New York University Press. Bursten, B. (1973a). The manipulator: A psychoanalytic view. New Ha­ven: Yale University Press. Bursten, B. (1973b). Some narcissistic personality types, international Jour­nal of Psycho-Analysis, 54, 287—300. Cameron, N. (1959). Paranoid conditions and paranoia. In S. Arieti (Ed.), American handbook of psychiatry (Vol. 1, pp. 508—539). New York: Basic Books. Capote, T. (1965). In cold blood. New York: Random House. Casey, J.F. (1991). The flock: The autobiography of a multiple personal­ity (with L. Wilson). New York: Knopf. Cath, S.H. (1986). Fathering from infancy to old age: A selective overview of recent psychoanalytic contributions. Psychoanalytic Review, 74, 469—479. Cattell, J.P., & Cattell, J. S, (1974). Depersonalization: Psychological and social perspectives. In S. Arieti (Ed.), American handbook of psychiatry (pp. 767—799). New York: Basic Books. Celani, D. (1976). An interpersonal approach to hysteria. American Journal of Psychiatry, 133, 1414-1418.

 

Chase, Т. (1987). When Rabbit howls. New York: Jove. Chasseguet-Smirgel, J. (1971). Female sexuality: New psychoanalytic views. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Chasseguet-Smirgel, J. (1984). Creativity and perversion. London: Free Association. Chasseguet-Smirgel, J. (1985). The ego ideal: A psychoanalytic essay on the malady of the idea. New York: Norton. Chess, S., Rutter, M., Thomas, A., & Birch, H.G. (1963). Interaction of temperament and the environment in the production of behavioral disturbances in children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 120, 142—147. Chess, S., Thomas, A., & Birch, H.G. (1967). Behavior problems re­ visited: Findings of an anteretrospective study. Journal of the American Acad­ emy of Child Psychiatry, 6, 321—331. Chessick, R.D. (1969). How psychotherapy heals: The process of inten­ sive psychotherapy. New York: Jason Aronson. Chessick, R.D. (1985). Psychology of the self and the treatment of narcis­ sism. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Chodoff, P. (1978). Psychotherapy of the hysterical personality disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 6, 496—510. Chodoff, P. (1982). The hysterical personality disorder: A psychotherapeutic approach. In A. Roy (Ed.), Hysteria (pp. 277—285). New York: Wiley. Chodorow, N.J. (1978). The reproduction of mothering: Psychoanalysis and the sociology of gender. Berkeley: University of California Press. Chodorow, N.J. (1989). Feminism and psychoanalytic theory. New Ha­ ven: Yale University Press. Cleckley, H. (1941). The mask of sanity: An attempt to clarify some issues about the so-called psychopathic personality. St. Louis: Mosby. Cohen, M.B., Baker, G., Cohen, R.A., Fromm-Reichmann, F., & Weigert, E. (1954). An intensive study of twelve cases of manic — depressive psychosis. Psychiatry, 17, 103—137. Colby, К. (1951). A primer for psychotherapists. New York: Ronald. Coleman, M., & Nelson, B. (1957). Paradigmatic psychotherapy in bor- derline treatment. Psychoanalysis, 5, 28—44. Coons, P.M., Bowman, E.S., & Milstein, V. (1988). Multiple person­ ality disorder: A clinical investigation of 50 cases. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 176, 519-527. Coons, P.M., &. Milstein, V. (1986). Psychosexual disturbances in mul­ tiple personlity. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 174, 106—110. Coontz, S. (1992). The quay we never were: American families and the nostalgia gap. New York: Basic Books. Cooper, A.M. (1988). The narcissistic— masochistic character. In R.A. Glick &. D.I. Meyers (Eds.), Masochism: Current psychoanalytic per-specrives (pp. 189—204). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Darley, J., R Batson, C.D. (1973). From Jerusalem to Jericho: A study of situational and dispositional variables in helping behavior. Journal of Personal­ity and Social Psychology, 27, 100—108.

 

Davanloo, H. (1978). Basic principles and techniques in short-term dy­namic psychotherapy. New York: Spectrum. Davanloo, H, (1980). Short-term dynamic psychotherapy. New York: Jason Aronson. de Monchy, R. (1950). Masochism as a pathological and as a nor­mal phenomenon in the human mind. International Journal of Psycho-Analy­sis, 31, 95-97. Deri, S. (1968). Interpretation and language. In E. Hammer (Ed.), The use of interpretation in treatment. New York: Grune & Stratton. Des Barres, P. (1987). I'm with the band: Confessions of a groupie. New York: Morrow. Deutsch, H. (1942). Some forms of emotional disturbance and their rela­tionship to schizophrenia. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 11, 301—321. Deutsch, H. (1944). The psychology of women: A psychoanalytic inter­pretation: Vol. 1. Girlhood. New York: Grune R Stratton. Deutsch, H. (1955). The impostor: Contribution to ego psychology of a type of psychopath. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 24, 483—503. Diamond, M.J. (1993, April). Fathers and sons: Psychoanalytic perspec­tives on "good-enough" fathering throughout the life cycle. Paper presented ar. the Spring Meeting of the Division of Psychoanalysis (39) of the American Psychological Association, New York. Dinnerstein, D. (1976). The mermaid and the minotaur. New York: Harper & Row. Dorpat, T. (1982). An object-relations perspective on masochism. In P.L. Giovacchini & L.B. Boyer (Eds.), Technical factors in the treatment of severely disturbed patients (pp. 490—513). New York: Jason Aronson. Easser, B.R., & Lesser, S. (1965). The hysterical personality: A reevalu-ation. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 34, 390—405. Edelstein, M.G. (1981). Trauma, tmnce, and transformation: A clinical guide to hypnotherapy. New York: Brurmer/Mazel. Ehrenberg, D.B. (1992). The intimate edge: Extending the reach of psy­choanalytic interaction. New York: Norton. Eigen, M. (1986). The psychotic core. New York: Jason Aronson. Eissler, K.R. (1953). The effects of the structure of the ego on psychoanalytic technique. Journal of the American Psychoanalyric Association, 1, 104—143. Ekstein, R., & Wallerstein, R.S. (1958; rev. ed., 1971). The teaching and learning of psychotherapy. Madison, CT: International Universities Press. Ellis, A. (1961). The treatment of a psychopath with rational emotive psychotherapy. In Reason and emorion in psychotherapy (pp. 288—299). New York: Lyie Stewart. Erikson, E.H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York: Norton. Erikson, E.H. (1968), identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton. Escalona, S.K. (1968). The roots of individuality: Normal patterns of de­velopment in infancy. Chicago: Aldine. Fairbaim, W.R.D. (1941). A revised psychopathology of the psychoses and psychoneuroses. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 22, 250—279.

 

Fairbaim, W.R.D. (1954). An object-relations theory of the personality. New York: Basic Books. Fast, I. (1990). Aspects of early gender development: Toward a reformu­ lation. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 7 (SuppL), 105—107. Fedem, P. (1952). Ego psychology and the psychoses. New York: Basic Books. Fenichel, 0. (1928). On "isolation." In The collected papers of Otto Feni- chel, first series (pp. 147—152). New York: Norton. Fenichel, 0. (1941). Problems of psychoanalytic technique. Albany, NY: Psychoanalytic Quarterly. Fenichel, 0. (1945). The psychoanalytic theory of neurosis. New York: Norton. Ferenczi, S. (1913). Stages in the development of a sense of reality. In First contributions to psycho-analysis (pp. 213—239). New York: Brunner/ Mazel, 1980. Ferenczi, S. (1925). Psychoanalysis of sexual habits. Further contributions to the theory and technique of psycho-analysis (pp. 259—297). New York: Brunner/ Mazel, 1980. Finell, J. (1986). The merits and problems with the concept of projective identification. Psychoanalytic Review, 73, 103—120. Fisher, S. (1970). Body experience in fantasy and behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Fisher, S., & Greenberg, R.P. (1985). The scientific credibility of Fremi's theories and therapy. New York: Columbia University Press. Fogelman, E. (1988). Intergenerational group therapy: Child survivors of the Holocaust and offspring of survivors. Psychoanalyric Review, 75, 619—640. Fogelman, E., & Savran, B. (1979). Therapeutic groups for children of Holocaust survivors. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 29, 211— 235. Fonda, H. (1981). My life. As told to Howard Teichmann. New York: New American Library. Forster, E.M. (1921). Howard's End. New York: Vintage. Fraiberg, S. (1959). The magic years: Understanding and handling the prob­ lems of early chiMhood. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Frances, A., & Cooper, A.M. (1981). Descriptive and dynamic psychia­try: A perspective on DSM-III. American Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 1198— 1202. Frank, J.D., Margolin, J., Nash, H.T., Stone, A.R., Varon, E., R Ascher, E. (1952). Two behavior patterns in therapeutic groups and their apparent motivation. Human Relations, 5, 289—317. Freud, A. (1936). The ego and the mechanisms of defense. New York: International Universities Press, 1966. Freud, S. (1886). Observation of a severe case of hemianaesthesia in a hysterical male. Standard Edition, 1, 23—31. Freud, S. (1897). Letter to Wilhelm Fliess. Standard Edition, 1, 259.

15*

 

Freud, S. (1900). The interpretation of dreams. Standard Edition, 4. Freud, S. (1901). The psychopathology of everyday life. Standard Edition, 6. Freud, S. (1905). Three essays on the theory of sexuality. Standard Edi­tion, 7, 135-243. Freud, S. (1908). Character and anal eroticism. Standard Edition, 9, 169— 175. Freud, S. (1909). Notes upon a case of obsessional neurosis. Standard Edition, 10, 151-320. Freud, S. (1911). Psycho-analytic notes on an autobiographic account of a case of paranoia (dementia paranoides). Standard Editicm, 13, 1—162. Freud, S. (1912). The dynamics of transference. Standard Edition, 12, 97-108. Freud, S. (1913). The disposition to obsessional neurosis. Standard Edi­tion, 12, 311-326. Freud, S. (1914a). Remembering, repeating and working through (Fur­ther recommendations on the technique of psycho-analysis II). Standard Edi­tion, 12, 147-156. Freud, S. (1914b). On narcissism: An introduction. Standard Edition, 14, 67-102. Freud, S. (1915a). Instincts and their vicissitudes. Standard Edition, 14, 111-140. Freud, S. (1915b). Repression. Standard Edition, 14, 147. Freud, S. (1916). Some character types met with in psychoanalytic work. Standard Edition, 14, 311—333. Freud, S. (1917a). Mourning and melancholia. Standard Edition, 14, 243-258. Freud, S. (1917b). On transformations of instinct as exemplified in anal erotism. Standard Edition, 17, 125—133. Freud, S. (1918). From the history of an infantile neurosis. Standard Edi­tion, 17, 7-122. Freud, S. (1919). A child is being beaten: A contribution to the study of the origin of sexual perversions. Standard Edition, 17, 179—204. Freud, S. (1920). Beyond the pleasure principle. Standard Edition, 18, 7-64. Freud, S. (1923). The ego and the id. Standard Edition, 19, 13—59. Freud, S. (1924). The economic problem in masochism. Standard Edi­tion, 19, 159-170. Freud, S. (1925a). Some psychical consequences of the anatomical distinc­tion between the sexes. Standard Edition, 19, 248—258. Freud, S. (1925b). Autobiographical study. Standard Edition, 20, 32—76. Freud, S. (1931). Libidinal types. Standard Edition, 21, 215—222. Freud, S. (1932). Femininity. Standard Edition, 22, 112—135. Freud, S. (1937). Analysis terminable and interminable. Standard Edition, 22, 216-253. Freud, S. (1938). An outline of psycho-analysis. Standard Edition, 23, 144-207.

 

Friedenberg, E.Z. (1959). The vanishing adolescent. Boston: Beacon. Friedman, R.C. (1988). Male homosexuality: A contemporary psychoana­lytic perspective. New Haven: Yale University Press. Fromm, E. (1947). Man for himself: An inquiry into the psychology of ethics. New York: Rinehart. Fromm-Reichmann, F. (1950). Principles of intensive psychotherapy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Frosch, J. (1964). The psychotic character: Clinical psychiatric considera tions. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 38, 91—96. Furman, E. (1982). Mothers have to be there to be left. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 37, 15-28. Gabbard, G.0. (1990). Psychodynamic psychiatry in clinical practice. Washing ton, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Gaddis, Т., &. Long, J. (1970). Killer: A journal of murder. New York: Macmillan. Galenson, E. (1988). The precursors of masochism: Protomasochism. In R.A. Glick & D.I. Meyers (Eds.), Masochism: Cun'ent psychoanalytic per­spectives (pp. 189—204). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Galin, D. (1974). Implications for psychiatry of left and right cerebral specialization. Archives of General Psychiatry, 31, 572—583. Gardiner, M. (1971). The wolf-man: By the cuolf-man. New York: Basic

Books. Gardner, M.R. (1991). The art of psychoanalysis: On oscillation and oth­ er matters. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 39, 851—870. Gay, P. (1968). Weimar culture. New York: Harper & Row. Gay, P. (1988). Freud: A life for our time. New York: Norton. Gaylin, W. (Ed.). (1983). Psychodynamic understanding of depression: The meaning of despair. New York: Jason Aronson. Gill, M.M. (1983). The interpersonal paradigm and the degree of the ther­ apist's involvement. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 19, 200—237. Gill, M.M, Newman, R., & Redlich, F.C. (1954). The initial interview in psychiatric practice. New York: International Universities Press. Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and wom­ en's development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Giovacchini, P.L. (1979). The treatment of primitive mental states. New York: Jason Aronson. Giovacchini, P.L. (1986). Developmental disorders: The transitional space in mental breakdoum and crearive imagination. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Giovacchini, P.L., & Boyer, L. B, (Eds.). (1982). Technical factors in the treatment of the severely disturbed patient. New York: Jason Aronson. Glick, R.A., &. Meyers, D.I. (1988). Masochism: Current psychoana­ lytic perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Glover, E. (1955). The technique of psycho-analysis. New York: Inter­ national Universities Press. Goldberg, A. (1990a). Disorders of continuity. Psychoanalytic Psycholo­ gy, 7, 13-28.

 

Goldberg, A. (1990b). The prisonhouse of psychoanalysis. New York: The Analytic Press. Goldstein, K. (1959). Functional disturbances in brain damage. In S. Arieti (Ed.), American handbook of psychiatry (Vol. 1, pp. 770—794). New York: Basic Books. Gottesman, I. (1991). Schigophrenia genesis: The origins of madness. New York: W.H. Freeman. Green, H. (1964). I never promised you a rose garden. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Greenacre, P. (1958). The impostor. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 27, 359— 382. Greenberg, J.R., & Mitchell, S.A. (1983). Object relations in psychoan­ alytic theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Greenfield, S. (1991). Experiences of subsequent therapists with female patients sexually involved with a prior male therapist. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University. Dissertarion Abstracts International, 52, 3905 В. Greenson, R.R. (1967). The technique and practice of psychoanalysis. New York: International Universities Press. Greenspan, S.I. (1981). Clinical infant re>arts: Number 1: Psychopathol- ogy and adaptation in infancy and early childhood: Principles of clinical diag­ nosis and preventive intervention. New York: International Universities Press. Greenwald, H. (1958). The call girl: A sociological and psychoanalytic study. New York: Ballantine Books. Greenwald, H. (1974). Treatment of the psychopath. In H. Greenwald (Ed.), Active psychotherapy (pp. 363—377). New York: Jason Aronson. Grinker, R.R., Werble, В., & Drye, R.C. (1968). The borderline syn­ drome: A behavioral study of ego functions. New York: Basic Books. Grossman, W. (1986). Notes on masochism: A discussion of the history and development of a psychoanalytic concept. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 55, 379-413. Groth, A.N. (1979). Men who rape: The psychology of the offender. New York: Plenum. Grotstein, J. (1982). Newer perspectives in object relations theory. Con­ temporary Psychoanalysis, 18, 43—91. Griinbaum, A. (1979). Is Freudian psychoanalysis pseudo-scientific by Karl Popper's criterion of demarcation. American Philosophical Quarterly, 16, 131— 141. Grunberger, В. (1979). Narcissism: Psychoanalytic essays (J. Diamanti, Trans.). New York: International Universities Press. Gunderson, J.G. (1984). Borderline personality disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Gunderson, J.G., & Singer, M.T. (1975). Defining borderline patients: An overview. American Journal of Psychiatry, 133, 1—10.

 

Guntrip, H. (1952). The schizoid personality and the external world. In Schizoid phenomena, object relations and the self (pp. 17—48). New York: International Universities Press, 1969. Guntrip, H. (1961). The schizoid problem, regression, and the stmggle to preserve an ego. In Schizoid phenomena, object relations and the self (pp. 49—86). New York: International Universities Press, 1969. Guntrip, H. (1969). Schizoid phenomena, object relations and the self. New York: International Universities Press. Guntrip, H. (1971). Psychoanalytic theory, therapy, and the self: A ba­sic guide to the human personality in Freud, Erikson, Klein, SuUivan, Fair-baim, Hartmann, Jacobson, and Winnicott. New York: Basic Books. Hall, C.S. (1954). A primer on Freudian psychology. New York: Octa­gon Books (reprinted 1990). Halleck, S.L. (1967). Hysterical personality traits— psychological, social, and iatrogenic determinants, Archives of General Psychiatry, 16, 750—759. Hammer, E. (1968). The use of interpretation in treatment. New York: Grune & Stratton. Hammer, E. (1990). Reaching the affect: Style in the psychodynamic ther­apies. New York: Jason Aronson. Hare, R. (1970). Psychopathy: Theory and research. New York: Wiley. Harris, D. (1982). Dreams die hard: Three men's journey through the six­ties. New York: St. Martin's/Marek. Hartcollis, P. (Ed.). (1977). Borderline personality disorders: The concept, the syndrome, the patient. New York: International Universities Press. Hartmann, H. (1958). Ego psychology and the problem of adaptation. New York: International Universities Press. Hedges, L.E. (1983). Listening perspectives in psychotherapy. New York: Jason Aronson. Hendin, H. (1975). The age of sensation: A psychoanalytic exploration. New York: Norton. Herman, J.L. (1981). Father-daughter incest. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Herman, J.L. (1992). Trauma and recovery: The aftermath of violence— from domestic abuse to political terror. New York: Basic Books. Herman, J.L., & Schatzow, E. (1987). Recovery and verification of mem­ories of childhood sexual abuse. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 4, 1—14. Herzog, J. (1980). Sleep disturbance and father hunger in 18— to 28-month— old boys: The Erikonig syndrome. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 35, 219-236. Hirsch, S.J., R Hollender, M.H. (1969). Hysterical psychoses: Clarifica­tion of the concept. American Journal of Psychiatry, 125, 909. Hoch, P.H., & Polatin, P. (1949). Pseudoneurotic forms of schizophre­nia. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23, 248—276. Hoenig, J. (1983). The concept of schizophrenia: Kraepelin — Bleuler— Schneider. British Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 547—556.

 

Hollender, M.H. (1971). Hysterical personality. Comments on Contem­porary Psychiatry, 1, 17—24. Hollender, M., & Hirsch, S. (1964). Hysterical psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 120, 1066—1074. Homer, A.J. (1979). Object relations and the developing ego in therapy. New York: Jason Aronson. Homer, A.J. (1990). The primacy of structure: Psychotherapy of underly­ing character pathology, Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Homer, A.J. (1991). Psychoanalytic object relations therapy. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Homey, K- (1926). The flight from womanhood: The masculinity-complex in women as viewed by men and women, international Journal of Psycho Anal­ysis, 7, 324-339. Homey, К. (1939). Nehru ways in psycho-analysis. New York: Norton. Horowitz, M.J. (Ed). (1977). Hysterical personality. New York: Jason Aronson. Hughes, J.M. (1989). Reshaping the psychoanalytic domain: The work of Melanic Klein, W.R.D. Fairbairn, and D.W. Winnicott, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Isaacs, K. (1990). Affect and the fundamental nature of neurosis. Psycho-ana lytic Psychology, 7, 259—284. Jacobs, T.J. (1991). The use of the self: Countertransference and commu­nication in the analytic situation. Madison, CT: International Universities Press. Jacobson, E. (1964). The self and the object cuorld. New York: Interna­tional Universities Press. Jacobson, E. (1967). Psychotic conflict and reality. London: Hogarth Press. Jacobson, E. (1971). Depression: Comparative studies of ncnmal, neurone, and psychotic conditions. New York: International Universities Press. Janet, P. (1890). The major symptoms of hysteria. New York: Macmillan. Jaspers, K. (1963). General psychopathology (J. Hoenig & M.W. Hamil­ton, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Johnson, A. (1949). Sanctions for superego lacunae o{ adolescents. In K.R. Eissler (Ed.), Searchlights on delinquency (pp. 225—245). New York: Inter­national Universities Press. Jones, E. (1913). The God complex: The belief that one is God, and the resulting character traits. In Essays in applied psycho-analysis (Vol. 2, pp. 244— 265). London: Hogarth Press, 1951. Josephs, L. (1992). Chaiacter structure and the organization of the self. New York: Columbia University Press. Jung, C.G. (1945). The relations between the ego and the unconscious. In H. Read, M. Fordham, & G. Adier (Eds.), The collected works of C.G. Jung (Bollinger Series 20, Vol. 7, pp. 120—239). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1953. Jung, C.G. (1954). Concerning the archetypes, with special reference to the anima concept. In H. Read, M. Fordham, G. Adier, & W. McGuire

 

(Eds.), The collected tuorks of C.G. Jung (Bollinger Series 20, Vol. 9, pp. 54— 72). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1959. Kami, H. (1962). Thinking about the unthinkable. New York: Horizon. Kalafat, J. (1984). Training community psychologists for crisis interven­tion. American Journal of Community Psychology, 12, 241—251, Karasu, T.B. (1990). Psychotherapy for depression. Northvale, NJ: Jas­on Aronson. Karon, B.P. (1989). On the formation of delusions. Psychoanalyric Psy­chology, 6, 169-185. Karon, B.P. (1992). The fear of understanding schizophrenia. Psychoan­alytic Psychology, 9, 191—211. Karon, B.P., & VandenBos, G.R. (1981). Psychotherapy of schizophre­nia: The treatment of choice. New York: Jason Aronson. Karpe, R. (1961). The rescue complex in Anna 0's final identity. Psycho­analytic Quarterly, 30, 1—27. Kasanin, J.S. (Ed.). (1944). Language and thought in schizophrenia. New York: Norton. Kasanin, J.S., & Rosen, Z.A. (1933). Clinical variables in schizoid per­sonalities. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 30, 538—553. Katan, M. (1953). Mania and the pleasure principle: Primary and secondary symptoms. In P. Greenacre (Ed.), Affective disorders (pp. l'}0—209). New York: International Universities Press. Kemberg, O.F. (1970). Factors in the psychoanalytic treatment of narcis­sistic personalities. Journal of the American psychoanalytic Association, 18, 51—85. Kemberg, O.F. (1975). Borderline conditions and pathological nar­cissism. New York: Jason Aronson. Kemberg, O.F. (1976). Object relations theory and clinical psychoanaly-sis. New York: Jason Aronson. Kemberg, O.F. (1981). Some issues in the theory of hospital treatment. Nordisk Tidsskrifl for Loegeforen, 14, 837—842. Kemberg, O.F. (1982, August). Conference on treating borderline and narcissistic patients. Eastham, MA. Kemberg, O.F. (1984). Severe personality disorders: Psychotherapeutic strat­egies. New Haven: Yale University Press. Kemberg, O.F. (1988). Clinical dimensions of masochism. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 36, 1005—1029. Kemberg, O.F. (1989), An ego psychology object relations theory of the structure and treatment of pathologic narcissism: An overview. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12, 723-729. Kemberg, O.F. (1991). Aggression and love in the relationship of the cou­ ple. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 39, 45—70. Kemberg, O.F. (1992). Aggression in personality disorders and pereersions. New Haven: Yale University Press. Kemberg, O.F., Seizer, M.A., Koenigsberg, H.W., Carr, A.C., & Ap- pelbaum, A.H. (1989). Psychodynamic psychotherapy of borderline patients. New York: Basic Books.

 

Keyes, D. (1982). The minds of BiUy MiUigan. New York: Bantam. Khan, M.M.R. (1963). The concept of cumulative trauma. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 18, 286-306. Khan, M.M.R. (1974). The privacy of the self. New York: International Universities Press. Klein, M. (1932). The psycho-analysis of children. London: Hogarth Press. Klein, M. (1935), A contribution to the psychogenesis of manic — depres­ sive states. In Love, guilt and reparation and other works 1921—1945 (pp. 262— 289). New York: The Free Press, 1975. Klein, M. (1937). Love, guilt and reparation. In Love, guilt and repara­ tion and other works 1921—1945 (pp. 306—343). New York: The Free Press, 1975. Klein, M. (1940). Mourning and its relation to manic — depressive states. In Love, guilt and reparation and other works 1921—1945 (pp. 311—338). New York: The Free Press, 1975. Klein, M. (1945). The oedi pus complex in light of early anxieties. In Love, guilt and reparation and other works 1921—1945 (pp. 370—419). New York: The Free Press, 1975. Klein, M. (1946). Notes on some schizoid mechanisms. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 27, 99—110. Klein, M. (1957). Envy and gratitude. In Envy and gratitude and other works 1946-1963 (pp. 176-235). New York: The Free Press, 1975. Kluft, R.P. (1984). Treatment of multiple personality disorder: A study of 33 cases. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 7, 9—29. Kluft, R.P. (Ed.). (1985). Childhood antecedents of multiple personali­ ty. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Kluft, R.P. (1987). Making the diagnosis of multiple personality disorder. In F.F. Flach (Ed.), Diagnostics and psychopathology, (pp. 201—225). New York: Norton. Kluft, R.P. (1989). Dissociation: The David Caul Memorial Symposium symposium papers: latrogenesis and MPD. Dissociation, 2, 66—104. Kluft, R.P. (1991). Multiple personality disorder. In A. Tasman S.S.M. Goldfinger (Eds.), American Psychiatric Press review of psychiatry (Vol. 10, pp. 161—188). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Kluft, R.P., & Fine, C.G. (Eds.). (1993). Clinical perspectives on mul­ tiple personality disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Knight, R. (1953). Borderline states in psychoanalytic psychiatry and psy­ chology. Bulletin of the Menninger Oinic, 17, 1—12. Kohut, H. (1968). The psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality disorders. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 23, 86—113. Kohut, H. (1971). The analysis of the self: A systematic approach to the psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality disorders. New York: Inter­national Universities Press. Kohut, H. (1977). The restoration of the self. New York: International Universities Press. Kohut, H. (1984). How does analysis cure? (A. Goldberg, Ed., with P. Stepansky). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

Kohut, H., & Wolf, E.S. (1978). The disorders of the self and their treat­ment — an outline. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 59, 413—425. Kraepelin, E. (1913). Lectures on clinical psychiatry. London: Bailliere, Tindall, & Cox. Kraepelin, E. (1915). Psychiatric: Ein lehrbuch (8th ed.). Leipzig: Barth. Kraepelin, E. (1919). Dementia praecox and paraphrenia (R.M. Barclay, Trans.). Huntington, NY: Robert E. Krieger, 1971. KrafTt-Ebing, R. (1900). Psychopathia sexualis (F.J. Rebman, Trans.). New York: Physicians and Surgeons Book Company, 1935. Kretschmer, E. (1925). Physique and character (J.H. Sprott, Trans.). New York: Harcourt, Brace & World. Kris, E. (1956). On some vicissitudes of insight in psychoanalysis. Inter­national Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 37, 445—455. Kuhn, T.S. (1970). The structure of scientific revolutions (2nd rev. ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kupperman, J. (1991). Character. New York: Oxford University Press. Lachmann, F., & Beebe, B. (1989). Oneness fantasies revisited. Psycho­analytic Psychology, 6, 137—149. Laing, R.D. (1965). The divided self: An existential study in sanity and madness. Baltimore: Penguin. Langness, L.L. (1967). Hysterical psychosis— the cross-cultural evidence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 124, 143—151. Langs, R.J. (1973). The technique of psychoanalytic psychotherapy: The initial contact, theoretical framework, understanding the parient's communi­cations, the therapist's interventions (Vol. 1). New York: Jason Aronson. LaPIanche, J., & Pontalis, J.B. (1973). The language of psychoanalysis. New York: Norton. Lasch, C. (1978). The culture of narcissism: American life in an age of diminishing expectations. New York: Norton. Lasch, C. (1984). The minimal self: Psychic survival in troubled times. New York: Norton. Laughlin, H.P. (1956). The neuroses in clinical practice. Philadelphia: Saunders. Laughlin, H.P. (1967). The neuroses. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Laughlin, H.P. (1970; 2nd ed., 1979). The ego and its defenses. New York: Jason Aronson. Lax, R.F. (1977). The role of internalization in the development of cer­tain aspects of female masochism: Ego psychological considerations. Intema tional Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 58, 289—300. Lax, R.F. (Ed.) (1989). Essential papers on character neurosis and treat­ment. New York: New York University Press. Lazare, A. (1971). The hysterical character in psychoanalytic theory: Evo­lution and confusion. Archives of General Psychiatry, 25, 131—137. Levenson, E.A. (1972). The f of understanding: An inquiry into the changing structure of psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books.

 

Levin, J.D. (1987). Treatment of alcoholism and other addictions: A self- psychology approach. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Lewis, H.B. (1971). Shame and guilt in neurosis. New York: Internation­ al Universities Press. Lichtenberg, J. (Ed.). (1992). Perspectives on multiple personality disor­ der. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 12(1). Lidz, T. (1973). The origin and treatment of schizophrenic disorders. New York: Basic Books. Lidz, Т., & Fleck, S. (1965). Family studies and a theory of schizophre­ nia. In T. Lidz, S. Fleck, & A.R. Comelison (Eds.), Schizophrenia and the family. New York: International Universities Press. Liflon, R.J. (1968). Death in life: Survivors of Hiroshima. New York: Random House. Lilienfeld, S.0., Van Valkenburg, C., Lamtz, K., & Akiskal, H.S. (1986). The relationship of histrionic personality disorder to antisocial person­ ality disorder and somatization disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142 718-722. Lindner, R. (1955). The jet-propelled couch. In The fifty-minute hour: A collection of true psychoanalytic tales (pp. 221—293). New York: Jason Aron­ son, 1982. Linton, R. (1956). Culture and mental disorders. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. Lion, J.R. (1978). Outpatient treatment of psychopaths. In W. Reid (Ed.), The psychopath: A comprehensive study of antisocial disorders and behaviors (pp. 286-300). New York: Brunner/Mazel, Lion, J.R. (Ed.). (1986). Personality disorders: Diagnosis and management (2nd ed.). Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger. Litman, R.E., & Farberow, N.L. (1970). Emergency evaluation of sui­ cidal potential. In E.S. Schneiderman, N.L. Farberow, & R.E. Lineman (Eds.), The psychology of suicide (pp. 259—272). New York: Science House. Little, M.I. (1981). Transference neurosis and transference psychosis: To­ ward basic unity. New York: Jason Aronson. Little, M.I. (1990). Psychotic anxieties and containment: A personal record of an analysis with Winnicott. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. Livingston, M.S. (1991). Near and far: Closeness and distance in psycho­ therapy. New York: Rivercross. Loeb, J., & Mednick, S.A. (1977). A prospective study of predictors of criminality: Three electrodermal response patterns. In S.A. Mednick & K.0. Christiansen (Eds.), Biosocial bases of criminal behavior (pp. 245—254). New York: Gardner. Loewald, H.W. (1957). On the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis. In Papers on psychoanalysis (pp. 221-256). New Haven: Yale University Press 1980.

Loewenstein, R.M. (1951). The problem of interpretation. Psychoanaly­tic Quarterly, 20, 1—14.

Loewenstein, R.M. (1955). A contribution to the psychoanalytic theory of masochism. Journal of he American Psychoanalytic Associarion, 5, 197—234. Loewenstein, R.J. (1988). The spectrum of phenomenology in multiple personality disorder: Implications for diagnosis and treatment. In B.G. Braun (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference on Multiple Personality Disorder/ Dissociative States (p. 7). Chicago: Rush University. Loewenstein, R.J., &. Ross, D.R. (1992). Multiple personality and psychoanalysis: An introduction. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 12, 3—48. Lothane, Z. (1992). In defense of Schreber: Soul murder and psychiatry. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Lovinger, R.J. (1984). Working tuith religious issues in therapy. New York: Jason Aronson. Lykken, D. (1957). A study of anxiety in the sociopathic personality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55, 6—10. Lynd, H.M. (1958). On shame and the search for identity. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World. MacKinnon, R.A., & Michels, R. (1971). The psychiatric interview in clinical practice. Philadelphia: Saunders. Maheu, R., & Hack, R. (1992). Next to Hughes. New York: Harper Collins. Mahler, M.S. (1968). On human symbiosis and the vicissitudes of individ-uation. New York: International Universities Press. Mahler, M.S. (1971). A study of the separation — individuation process and its possible application to borderline phenomena in the psychoanalytic situa­tion. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 26, 403—424. Mahler, M.S. (1972a). On the first three subphases of the separation— individuation process, international Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 53, 333—338. Mahler, M.S. (1972b). Rapprochement subphase of the separation— individ­uation process. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 41, 487—506. Mahler, M.S., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant. New York: Basic Books. Main, T.F. (1957). The ailment. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 30, Malan, D.H. (1963). A study of brief psychotherapy. New York: Plenum. Mandelbaum, A. (1977). The family treatment of the borderline patient. In P. Hartcollis (Ed.), Borderline personality disorders: The concept, the syn­drome, the patient (pp. 423—438). New York: International Universities Press. Mann, J. (1973). Time-limited psychotherapy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Marmor, J. (1953). Orality in the hysterical personality. Journal of the American Psychiatric Association, 1, 656—671. Masling, J. (Ed.). (1986). Empirical studies of psychoanalytic theories (Vol. 2). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Masson, J.M. (1984). The assault on truth: Freud's suppression of the se­duction theory. New York: Farrar, Straus, R Giroux. Masterson, J.F. (1972). Treatment of the borderline adolescent: A devel­opmental approach. New York: Wiley-lnterscience.

 

Masterson, J.F. (1976). Psychotherapy of the borderhne adult: A develop­ mental approach. New York: Brunner/Mazel. McClelland, D.C. (1961). The achieving society. Pnnceton, NJ: Van Nostrand. McDougall, J. (1980). Plea for a measure of abnormality. New York: International Universities Press McDougall, J. (1989). Theaters of the body. A psychoanalytic approach 10 psychosomatic illness. New York: Norton. McGoldrick, M. (1982). Irish families. In M. McGoldrick, J.K. Pearce, & J. Giordano (Eds.), Ethnicity and family therapy (pp. 310—339). New York: Guilford Press. McWilliams, N. (1979). Treatment of the young borderline patient: Fos­ tering mdmduation against the odds. Psychoanalytic Review, 66, 339—357. McWilliams, N. (1984). The psychology of the altruist. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 1, 193-213. McWilliams, N. (1986). Patients for life: The case for devotion. The Psy­ chotherapy Patient, 3, 55—69. McWilliams, N. (1991). Mothering and fathering processes in the psy- choana lytic art. Psychoanalytic Review, 78, 526—545. McWilliams, N., & Lependorf, S. (1990). Narcissistic pathology of ev­ eryday life: The denial of remorse and gratitude. Journal of Contemporary Psy- choanalysis, 26, 430—451. McWilliams, N., & Stem, J. (1987). Women's groups led by women: The management of devaluing transferences. International Journal of Group Psy­ chotherapy, 37, 139—153. Mednick, S.A., Gabnelh, W., & Hutchings, B. (1984). Genetic influ­ ences in criminal convictions: Evidence from an adoption cohort. Science, 224, 891-894. Meissner, W.W. (1978). The paranoid process. New York: Jason Aronson. Meissner, W.W. (1979). Narcissistic personalities and borderline conditions: A differential diagnosis. Annwfn Review of Psychoanalyse, 7, 171—202. Meissner, W.W. (1984). The borderline spectrum. Differential diagnosis and developmental issues. New York: Jason Aronson. Meissner, W.W. (1988). Treatment of patients in the borderhne spectmm. Northvale, NJ. Jason Aronson. Meissner, W.W. (1991). What is effective in psychoanalytic therapy: A move from interpretation to relation. Northvale, NJ. Jason Aronson. Meloy, J.R (1988). The psychopathic mind: Origins, dynamics, and treat­ ment. Northvale, NJ. Jason Aronson. Menaker, E. (1942). The masochistic factor in the psychoanalytic situa­tion. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 11, 171—186. Menaker, E. (1953). Masochism— A defense reaction of the ego. Psycho-ana lytic Quarterly, 22, 205-220. Menaker, E. (1982). Otto Rank- A rediscwered legacy. New York: Colum­bia University Press.

Mennmger, K, (1963). The vital balance: The life process in mental health and lUness (with M. Mayman S P Pruyser). New York. Viking. Michaud, S., S. Aynesworth, H. (1983). The only living witness. New York: New American Library. Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 371—378. Miller, A. (1975). Prisoners of chiMhood: The drama of the gifted child and the search for the true self. New York: Basic Books. Miller, J.B. (Ed.). (1973). Psychoanalysis and women: Contributions to new theory and therapy New York: Brunner/Mazel. Miller, J B. (1984). The development of women's sense of self. In J.V.Jordan, A G. Kaplan, J.B. Miller, I.P. Stiver, & J.L. Surrey (Eds.), Women's growth in connection: Writings for the Stone Center (pp. 11—26). New York: Guilford Press. Mischler, E., & Waxier, N. (Eds.). (1968). Family processes and schizo­phrenia. New York: Jason Aronson. Modell, A.H. (1975). A narcissistic defense against affects and the illusion of self-sufficiency. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 56, 275—282. Modell, A.H. (1976). The "holding environment" and the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 24,

285-308. Money, J. (1980). Love and lovesickness: The science of sex, gender dif­ference, and pais bonding. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Mon­ey, J. (1988). Gay, straight, and in-between: The sexology of erotic orienta­tion. New York: Oxford University Press. Morrison, A.P. (1983) Shame, the ideal self, and narcissism. Contem­porary Psychoanalysis, 19, 295—318. Morrison, A.P. (Ed.). (1986). Essential papers on narcissism. New York: New York University Press. Morrison, A.P. (1989). Shame: The underside of narcissism. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Mowrer, O.H. (1950). Learning theory and personality dynamics. New York: Ronald. Mueller, W.J., & Amskiewitz, A.S. (1986). Psychotherapeutic interven­tion in hysterical disorders. Northvale, NJ; Jason Aronson. Mullahy, P. (1970). Psychoanalysis and interpersonal psychiatry: The con-tnbu lions of Harry Stack Sullivan. New York: Science House. Murray, H.A., & members of the Harvard Psychological Clinic (1938). Explorations in personality. New York: Oxford University Press. Myerson, P.G. (1991). Childhood dialogues and the lifting of repression: Character structure and psychoanalytic technique. New Haven: Yale Universi­ty Press. Nagera, H. (1976). Obsessional neuroses: Developmental pathology. New York: Jason Aronson. Nannarello, J.J. (1953), "Schizoid." Journal of Nervous and Mental Dis­eases, 118, 242.

 

Nemiah, J.C. (1973). Foundations of psychopathology. New York: Jason Aronson. Niederland, W. (1959). Schreber: Father and son. Psychoanalytic Quar­ terly, 28, 151-169. Noblin, C.D., Timmons, E.0., & Kael, H.C. (1966). Differential ef­ fects of positive and negative verbal reinforcement on psychoanalytic character types. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 224—228. Noel, В. (1992). You must be dreaming (with K. Watterson). New York: Poseidon Press. Nunberg, H. (1955). Pnnci pies of psycho-analysis. New York: Interna­ tional Universities Press. Nydes, J. (1963). The paranoid— masochistic character. Psychoanalytic Review, 50, 215-251. Ogden, Т.Н. (1982). Projective identification: Psychotherapeutic technique. New York: Jason Aronson. Ovesey, L. (1955). Pseudohomosexuality, the paranoid mechanism and paranoia. Psychiatry, 18, 163—173. Panken, S. (1973). The joy of suffering: Psychoanalytic theory and thera­ py of masochism. New York: Jason Aronson. Paolino, T. J, Jr. (1981). Psychoanalytic psychotherapy: Theory, tech­ nique, therapeutic relationship and treatability. New York: Brunner/Mazel. Peralta, V., Cuesta, M.J., & de Leon, J. (1991). Premorbid personality and positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Acta Psychiatrica Scan- dinaeica, 84, 336—339. Piaget, J. (1937). The construction of reality in the chiM. New York: Basic Books. Pine, F. (1985). Developmental theory and clinical process. New Haven: Yale University Press. Pine, F. (1990). Drive, ego, object, and self: A synthesis for clinical work. New York: Basic Books. Pope, K.S. (1987). Preventing therapist— patient sexual intimacy: Thera­ py for a therapist at risk. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 18, 624-628. Pope, K.S., Tabachnick, B.G., & Keith-Spiegel, P. (1987). Ethics of practice: The beliefs and behaviors of psychologists as therapists. American Psy­ chologist, 42, 993—1006. Prichard, J.C. (1835). Treatise on insanity. London: Sherwood Gilbert R Piper. Prince, M. (1906). The dissociation of a personality: A biographical study in abnormal personality. New York: Longman, Green. Putnam, F.W. (1989). Diagnosis and treatment of multiple personality disorder. New York: The Guilford Press. Packer, H. (1968). Transference and countertmnsference. New York: Interna tional Universities Press. Rado, S. (1928). The problem of melancholia. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 9, 420—438.

Rank, О. (1929). The trauma of birth. Harper & Row, 1973. Rank, 0. (1945). WiH thempy and truth and reality. New York: Knopf. Rasmussen, A. (1988). Chronically and severely battered women: A psy-chodiagnostic investigation. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Gradu ate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University. Dissertation Ab­stracts International, 50, 2634B. Rawn, M.L. (1991). The working alliance: Current concepts and contro­versies. Psychoanalytic Review, 78, 379—389. A Recovering Patient. (1986). "Can we talk?" The schizophrenic patient in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 68—70. Redl, R., & Wineman, D. (1951). Children who hate. New York: The Free Press. Reich, A. (1960). Pathological forms of self-esteem regulation. Psycho­analytic Study of the Child, 15, 215—231. Reich, W. (1933). Character analysis. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1972. Reik, T. (1941). Masochism in modern man. New York: Farrar, Straus. Reik, T. (1948). Listening arith the third ear. New York: Grove. Ressler, R.K., & Schactman, T. (1992). Whoever fights monsters: My twenty years of hunting serial killers for the FBI. New York: St. Martin's. Rhodes, J. (1980). The Hitler movement: A modern miUenarian revolu­tion. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press. Rice, J., Reich, Т., Andreason, N.C., Endicott, J., Van Eerdewegh, M., Fishman, R., Hirschfeld, R.M., & Klerman, G.L. (1987). The familial trans­mission of bipolar illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 441—447. Richfield, J. (1954). An analysis of the concept of insight. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23, 390-408. Richman, J., & White, H. (1970). A family view of hysterical psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 280—285. Rinsley, D.B. (1982). Borderline and other self disorders: A developmen­tal and object-relations perspective. New York: Jason Aronson. Robbins, A., with contributors. (1980). Expressive therapy. New York: Human Sciences Press. Robbins, A. (1988). The interface of the real and transference relationships in the treatment of schizoid phenomena. Psychoanalytic Review, 75, 393—417. Robbins, A. (1989). The psychoaesrhetic experience: An approach to depth — oriented treatment. New York: Human Sciences Press, Robbins, A. (1991, April). Unpublished comments. Symposium at the Spring Meeting of the Division of Psychoanalysis (39) of the American Psycho­ logical Association, Chicago. Rockland, L.H. (1992). Supportive therapy: A psychodynamic approach. New York: Basic Books. Rogers, C.R. (1951). Client-centered therapy: Its current practice, impli­ cations, and theory. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rogers, C.R. (1961). On becoming a person. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

 



©2015- 2019 stydopedia.ru Все материалы защищены законодательством РФ.