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XXXIV. How to fit your time frame?

A. Imagine that it’s 4 p.m. You must do the following things by midnight. Schedule the activities in order of importance:

ñ decide on what to put on for college tomorrow

ñ call the best fiend to gossip

ñ do sports

ñ write an essay for literature lesson

ñ get ready for a maths test

ñ play a favourite computer game

ñ tidy up the room

ñ help mum cook dinner

 

Model:First, I’ll tidy up the room.

Second, I’ll ...

Third, …

Fourth, …

Fifth, …

Sixth, …

Seventh, …

Eighth, …

B. Work in pairs:

Model: St. 1. - Will you do sports first?

St. 2. - No, I won’t. I’ll call my friend first. (Yes, I will. I’ll do sports first)

 

XXXV. Make up a dialogue discussing your last week days and week end.

 


UNIT II. Families and friends.

Section I. What is your family doing now?

 

Lexics:relatives, family relations

Grammar revision:the Present Continuous (Progressive) Tense; comparison of adgectives and adverbs, possessive case of nouns

I. Study the vocabulary and learn it by heart:

1. to have a small (nuclear – 2-3 persons) family – иметь маленькую (2-3 человек) семью

2. to have a big (large – more than 3 persons) family – иметь большую (более, чем 3 человек)

3. there are 3 of us (there are 3 members) in our family – в нашей семье три человека

4. to be the only (single) child – быть единственным ребенком

5. twins – близнецы

6. an orphan - сирота

7. a trustee – опекун, опекунша

8. relations (family, business, diplomatic, international, marital) – отношения (семейные, деловые, дипломатические, международные, супружеские)

9. close (blood) relatives – a father (dad), a mother (mum) - parents; a husband, a wife; a grandmother (granny), a grandfather (grandpa) – grandparents; a grandson, a granddaughter – grandchildren; a sister, a brother – siblings; an aunt, an uncle, a cousin, a niece, a nephew; a son, a daughter – близкие родственники – отец (папа), мать (мама) – родители; муж, жена; бабушка, дедушка; внук, внучка – внуки; сестра, брат; тетя, дядя, двоюродный брат (сестра), племянница, племянник; сын, дочь

10. distant relatives – a father-in-law, a mother-in-law; a sister-in-law, a brother-in-law; a daughter-in-law, a son-in-law – дальние родственники – тесть, теща (свекор, свекровка), невестка (сноха, золовка), зять (деверь, шурин)

11. to be married – быть женатым, быть замужем

12. to get married (to marry) – жениться, выйти замуж

 

II. Translate the sentences into English:

1. У нас большая семья. Нас пятеро: мои родители, моя старшая сестра, моя бабушка и я. Но это не все мои близкие родственники. У меня есть две тети, дядя, три двоюродных сестры, двоюродный брат, племянница и племянник. Моя старшая сестра замужем и у нее есть двое детей: Даня – 3 года и Наташа – 1 год. У меня есть много дальних родственников: муж моей сестры – мой зять, его родители – свекор и свекровь моей сестры, брат и сестра моего зятя и много других. Хорошо, что я не единственный ребенок в нашей семье!



 

III. Answer the following questions:

1. Are you a single child in your family?

2. How big is your family?

3. Have you got many relatives?

4. What close relatives have you got?

5. Are there twins in your family?

6. What distant relatives have you got?

7. What is your family like? ( close, friendly, hospitable, happy …)

8. Are you living with your family now? Do you like it?

9. Do your distant relatives live far or close to you?

10. Do you see them often?

11. Who is the person closest to you? Why?

12. How often do you talk to your parents (relatives) on the phone?

13. When did you phone them last time?

14. Are your siblings married?

15. When did your parents get married?

 

IV. Speak about your family. Begin with: Let me introduce my family. It is big (small). There are … of us: … ( Use the questions above)

Part I

V. Revise the Present Continuous (Progressive) Tense:

Настоящее продолженное (длительное) время используется в английском языке для обозначения длительного, незаконченного действия, происходящего в определенный момент, который указан (at the moment, now) или подразумевается в предложении. Сказуемое в данном времени состоит из смыслового глагола, который присоединяет окончание –ing- (причастие настоящего времени) и вспомогательногоглагола – to be – в настоящем времени (am, are, is).

 

Study the conjugation of the verb – to play – in the affirmative, negative and interrogative forms in the Present Continuous Tense:

Affirmative sentences (утвердительные предложения) + Negative sentences (отрицательные предложения) ----- Interrogative sentences (вопросительные предложения) ?
I am playing I am not playnig Am I playing?
You are playing You are not playing Are you playing?
He is playing He is not playing Is he playing?
She is playing She is not playing Is she playing?
It is playing It is not playing Is it playing?
We are playing We are not playing Are we playing?
You are playing You are not playing Are you playing?
They are playing They are not playing Are they playing?  

 

VI. Read the vocabulary and learn it by heart:

1. to get along (to get on) with smb. – ладить с кем-либо

2. to quarrel (ed) – ссориться

3. to fight (fought, fought) – драться

4. to make (made, made) up with smb. – мириться с кем-либо

5. to share (ed) smth. – делить что-либо (Ex: We share a room with my sister – мы живем в одной комнате с моей сестрой)

6. to keep (kept, kept) somebody company – составить кому-либо компанию

7. to celebrate (ed) – праздновать

8. to congratulate (ed) – поздравлять

9. to receive (ed) guests – принимать гостей

10. to arrange (ed) a birthday party – организовывать вечеринку по поводу дня рождения

11. to be upset – расстраиваться

12. to miss (ed) smb.,smth. – скучать по кому-либо, чему-либо (пропускать, не успевать) (Ex: I miss you – я скучаю по тебе. He missed his bus – он опоздал на свой автобус. She misses classes – она пропускает занятия.)

13. to give (gave, given) regards to smb. – передавать привет кому-либо

14. to repair (ed) a bike – чинить велосипед

15. to ride (rode, ridden) a bike – ездить на велосипеде

 

VII. Choose the right word:

1. Our family is very close: we all (get along/quarrel) with each other.

2. Usually the twins (make up/fight) and then they (make up/fight).

3. I (miss/share) my room with my granny.

4. Will you (keep/share) me company?

5. We (congratulate/celebrate) our family holidays five times a year.

6. Aunt Helen (congratulated/celebrated) me with my birthday.

7. I am (arranging/receiving) guests tonight.

8. My mum usually (receives/arranges) my birthday party.

9. I never (keep/miss) classes.

10. Dad (repaired/congratulated) my brother’s bike.

11. (Celebrate/give) my regards to our groupmates!

12. Did he (miss/keep) his train?

13. Does he (arrange/share) his bike with his brother?

14. When did your parents (get married/be married)?

15. Look! He is (fighting/riding) his motor-bike.

 

VIII. Match the words and phrases:

1. close relatives a. супружеские отношения

2. a nephew b. это моя племянница

3. to make up c. выйти замуж

4. to have lots of distant relatives d. опоздать на самолет

5. marital relations e. близкие родственники

6. a son-in-law f. передавать привет кому-либо

7. an orphan g. ладить со всеми

8. to miss a plane h. женитьба

9. to keep me a company i. праздновать юбилей семьи

10. to get along with everybody j. мириться

11. to get married k. сирота

12. it’s my niece l. составить мне компанию

13. marriage m. зять

14. to give regards to sb. n. племянник

15. to celebrate a family anniversary o. иметь много родственников

 

IX. Fill in the blanks with the corresponding word:

1. There are 3 members in our family. It’s not big, it’s … .

2. He is an orphan and Mrs. Smith is his …

3. They are businessmen. They have … relations.

4. I have neither sister nor brother. I’m … in our family.

5. My grandparents are my … relatives.

6. His brother-in-law is one of his … relatives.

7. They are a young family. They … … a year ago.

8. The … are so alike that nobody can say who is who.

9. You were absent from maths yesterday. Why did you … classes?

10. My bike is broken. I should … it.

 

X. Answer the questions:

1. Do you get along with your parents?

2. Were there cases you quarreled with your parents? Why?

3. Who was the first to make up?

4. Do your parents keep you company? When?

5. Do you often celebrate family holidays? What are they?

6. How do you usually congratulate your relatives? (by e-mail, phone, skype, post)

7. Who receives guests more often?

8. When did your family arrange a birthday party last time?

9. Do you miss your family when you are out for a long time?

10. Do you have your own room or share it with anybody?

 

XI. Put in the verb – to be – in the right form:

1. Look! The twins … fighting!

2. I … sharing the room with my younger sister.

3. The group … writing an English test now.

4. Why … you missing classes this week?

5. What … your mother doing now?

6. My parents … receiving guests at the moment.

7. She … arranging a picnic in the garden.

8. Listen! They … quarreling, … not they?

9. Now I … getting along with everyone in the group.

10. Keep silence! Let me listen how the boy … congratulating his mum.

 

 

XII. Make up participles-I from the verbs above according to the model:to get along – getting along; to quarrel – quarreling etc.

 

XIII. Work in pairs. Ask the questions and answer them negatively. Add some more information according to the model:

- Is your mum sleeping now?

- No, she is notsleeping. She is watching TV.

 

1. Is your mum cooking now?

2. Is your mum walking at the moment?

3. Are your parents receiving guests now?

4. Is your sister having a birthday party?

5. Are you having a Maths now?

6. Are you sleeping?

7. Is your granny watering the flowers?

8. Is your grandfather working in the garden now?

9. Are your relatives going to you at the moment?

10. Is your brother riding a bike now?

11. Is your dad repairing his car?

12. Are you sharing a room with your friend?

13. Are you quarreling with your friend now?

14. Is your boy-friend fighting at the moment?

15. Are your parents celebrating the 1-st of September now?

 

XIV. Put the verbs in the sentences into the Present Continuous Tense according to the model:

It / rain.

It is raining. Is it raining?

He/play/ computer games.

He is playing computer games. Is he playing computer games?

1. She / study / German.

2. I / eat / a sandwich.

3. We / celebrate / Bob’s birthday.

4. The sun / shine brightly.

5. It / snow.

6. The parents / arrange the party.

7. You / live / the hostel.

8. You / get on / with your siblings.

9. He / miss / his bus.

10. The twins / quarrel.

11. Mum / make / a fish pie.

12. You / share / a room with your groupmate.

13. Your cousin / get married.

14. They / make up.

15. Your dad / drive / a car.

 

XV. 1). Revise the comparison of adjectives and adverbs (степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий):

односложные прилагательные
positive degree положительная степень сomparative degree сравнительная степень superlative degree превосходная степень
old (старый) young (молодой)   small (маленький)   large (большой) big (большой) close (близкий) happy (счастливый)   older than (старше, чем) younger than (моложе, чем)   smaller than (меньше, чем)   largerthan (больше, чем) biggerthan (больше, чем) closerthan (ближе, чем) happier than (счастливее,чем) theoldest (самый старый) the youngest (самый молодой) the smallest (самый маленький) the largest (самый большой) the biggest(самый большой) the closest(самый близкий) the happiest(самый счастливый)
многосложные прилагательные и наречия
fashionable (модный)     beautiful (красивый)   beautifully (красиво) – наречие easily (легко) - наречие     more fashionable than (моднее, чем/более модный, чем) more beautiful than (красивее, чем/более красивый, чем) more beautifully than (более красиво, чем) more easily than (более легко, чем) the most fashionable (самый модный/наимоднейший)   the most beautiful (самый красивый/наикрасивейший) mostbeautifully (красивее всех) most easily (легче всех)

2).Английские прилагательные good, bad, little, many, much, far образуют степени сравнения не посредством суффиксов, а от другого корня:

 

Remember: good (хороший)better(лучше)the best(самый лучший)

bad (плохой)worse (хуже)the worst(самый плохой)

little(маленький)less(меньше)the least (самый маленький)

many( много) more (больше)the most (больше всех)

Much

far(далекий)farther(дальше)the farthest (самый далекий)

3).Русскому обороту «такой же … как» соответствует английский оборот as … as,а обороту «не такой … как» - оборот not as … as/not so … as:

He is ashandsome as his brother. He is not so clever as his brother.

 

4). Remember:прилагательные old, far, late – обозначают степени сравнения двояко:

a) Old – older, the oldest и elder, the eldest

Формы elder, the eldest употребляются, только если идет о членах семьи. В предложении эти формы могут быть не только определениями. После глагола to be используются older, the oldest: My elder sister is much olderthan me.

b) Far – farther, the farthest (по расстоянию) и further, the furthest (по порядку)

This house is farther than that one.

But!: furtherinformation, instructions

c). late – later, the latest (по времени) и latter, the last (по порядку)

He comes laterthan I do.

I did not like the last chapter.

 

XVI. Study the examples. Translate:

1. This man is the oldest.

2. My grandpa is the eldest in our family.

3. She is 2 years younger than me.

4. This boy is the youngest in the group.

5. My brother is 5. He is the smallest in the family.

6. I am the tallest one among my sisters.

7. My mum is the closest person to me.

8. This dress is more fashionable than that one.

9. Do it more easily.

10. Our relations are getting worse.

11. She lives farther than me.

12. You needn't listen to the further information.

13. He is as clever as her elder brother.

14. He is not as serious as his brother.

15. Steve was the last to come.

16. Listen to the latest news.

 

XVII. Speak about the members of your family: compare their age, height (рост), appearance (внешность), parts of bodies, characters. Use:young, old; short, tall; smart, beautiful; light, dark, thin, fat; serious, merry, confident, optimistic etc.

Model:I’ve got three sisters. I’m the youngest one. Helen is younger than Maria. Maria is the eldest. She is taller than Helen but shorter than me. So I’m the tallest. I think both of my sisters are smart but people say I’m the most beautiful. Helen’s hair is the darkest. She is thinner than Maria. The most serious is Helen. But the most optimistic is Maria. I love my sisters!

 

 

XVIII. Choose the right word:

1. My family is (bigger/biggest) than yours.

2. Her family is (larger/as large as) mine.

3. My mum is (closer/the closest) among the members of our family.

4. Jack is 2 years (older/elder) than his sister.

5. Helen’s congratulation card was (the most beautiful/the beautifulest).

6. He was (less /least) serious than his brother – twin.

7. Today I got up much (earlier/early) than ever.

8. These jeans are (not as fashionable as/ the most fashionable) than those ones.

9. His (old/elder) sister is married.

10. Jean’s English is one of (better/the best).

11. Kate is (more intelligent / the most intelligent of) the three.

12. We must wait for some (farther / further) instructions.

13. Where is (the most near/ the nearest) book-shop?

14. John is my (eldest/oldest) friend here.

15. What can be (the sweetest/sweeter) than honey?

 

XIX. Study the example of asking questions in the Present Continuous Tense:

My dad is driving his car now.

a) general question: Is your dad driving his car now?

b) alternative questions: Isyour or his dad driving his car now?

Is your dad or grandpa driving a car now?

Is your dad driving or repairing his car now?

Is your dad driving his or our car now?

Isyour dad driving his car orbike now?

c) special questions: Who is driving his car now?

Whose dad is driving his car now?

What is your dad doing now?

Whose car is your dad driving now?

What is your dad driving now?

d) disjunctive questions: Your dad is driving his car now, isn’t he?

Your dad isn’t driving his car now, is he?

 

XX. Ask questions of different types to the sentences:

1. Daniel’s sister is going to college now.

2. Robert and Daniel are quarreling in their room at the moment.

 

 

XXI. Make up a mini-dialogue trying to use different types of questions in the Present Continuous Tense. Use the following expressions in dialogue 1: to share a room

to get along

dialogue 2:to make a cake

to receive guests

dialogue 3:to miss Chemistry

to go to the doctor

Example:to live in the hostel

to miss relatives

- Where are you living now? (special question)

- In the hostel.

- I think you are missing your relatives, aren’t you? (disjunctive qustion)

- Sure! Are you missing your parents too? (general question)

- Of course, I am.

 

 



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