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КАЧЕСТВЕННЫЙ ИНДЕКС ВИДОВ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ

 

ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ КАЧЕСТВЕННЫХ ВИДОВ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ:

• новые знания с высокой рыночной ценностью;

• крутая кривая производительности;

• быстрый рост объема производства;

• стремительный технологический прогресс;

• активная научно-исследовательская деятельность;

• поощряется обучение на практике;

• несовершенная информация;

• инвестиции поступают в крупном объеме/неделимы (лекарства);

• конкуренция несовершенная, но динамичная;

• высокий уровень заработной платы;

• возможности для экономии на масштабе и диверсификации производства;

• высокая концентрация отраслей;

• высокие ставки: высокие барьеры на вход и выход;

• связи и синергия;

• инновационные продукты;

• стандартные предпосылки неоклассической теории неприменимы

 

 

ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ НЕКАЧЕСТВЕННЫХ ВИДОВ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ:

• знания старые, не имеющие рыночной ценности;

• кривая производительности пологая;

• рост производительности низкий;

• уровень технологического прогресса низкий;

• научно-исследовательская деятельность на низком уровне;

• требуется невысокий уровень мастерства или образования;

• совершенная информация;

• инвестиции можно делить (инструменты для изготовления бейсбольных мячей);

• совершенная конкуренция;

• низкий уровень заработной платы;

• низкий уровень экономии на масштабах или его отсутствие/риск убывающей отдачи;

• слабоконцентрированная отрасль промышленности;

• низкие ставки: низкий барьер на вход и выход;

• природное сырье;

• небольшое количество связей и синергических эффектов;

• инновационные процессы или отсутствие инноваций;

• предпосылки неоклассической теории применимы

 

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