Сделай Сам Свою Работу на 5

Job hunting, advertisement, reference, successful, applications, employer, apply, look for, the skilled, retailing.

1. ______ usually earn more than the unskilled.

2.I’m applying for a new job and I’m hoping my ex-boss will give me a ______.

3. ______ can take several months so it's important to stay motivated in your job search and make the most of the opportunities and support out there.

4. The job is open to applicants with over two years’ experience in _____.

5. She scanned the job/property ______ in the paper.

6. We need a reference from your former _____ before we can give you a definite job offer.

7. It was one of those irritating articles that tells you how to combine a _____ career with raising a family.

8. I’ve sent off _____ for four different jobs.

9. By the time I saw the job advertised it was already too late to ______.

10. I will ______ a present for Jenny while I’m in town.


6. Find the proper definition:

1. employer a. a person in a high position, esp. in business, who makes decisions and acts according to them.
2. advertisement b. A summary that provides an overview of a person's experience and other qualifications.
3. experience c. Human Resources Director who has overall responsibility for the company's personnel and training strategy.
4. executive d.a person or business that employs one or more people, especially for wages or salary.
5. vacancy e. sale of goods or commodities in small quantities directly to consumers.
6. personnel director f. to examine something in order to find out whether it is how it should be.
7. retailing g. practical knowledge, skill, or practice derived from direct observation of or participation in events or in a particular activity
8. CV h. exactly; accurately; without fault or error
9. correctly i. a job or position that is available to be taken.
10. to check j. a paid announcement, as of goods for sale, in newspapers or magazines, on radio or television, etc.  


7. Choose the right answer:

a. In the labour market, potential employers often ask job applicants for: 1. skills 2. references 3. advertisement 4. complaint
b. The different kinds of advertisements include: 1. curriculum vitae 2. design 3. retailing 4. print advertising
c. “CV” is not a synonym of: 1. newspaper 2. resume 3. advertisement 4. site
d. Skilled workers are people who have: 1. specific skills 2. good manners 3. successful career 4. a lot of references
e. Networking is all about building relationships with people who can help you in your: 1. writing business letters 2. career 3. employees 4. job search
f. A résumé is: 1. a self-advertisement 2. a self-improvement 3. a self-management 4. a self-portrait
g. An executive is a person who 1. manages a department. 2. spends capital. 3. has administrative or managerial authority in an organization 4. runs a personnel department.    


8. Using suffixes –ance, - ment,- ion, -ship, etc., give nouns which are related to the following verbs:

Verb Noun


9. Using prefixes dis-, il-, ir-, un-, non-, -in, etc., give negatives which are related to the following:




10. Give verbs which correspond to the following nouns:

Nouns Verbs


Match the personal characteristics (1-6) to the questions (a-f).

1 creative 2 decisive 3 flexible 4 organised 5 persuasive 6 reliable a Do you always do what you say you’ll do? b Are you good at getting other people to agree with you? c Are you good at making your mind up quickly? d Are you able to plan ahead successfully? e Are you able to cope with last-minute changes? f Are you good at coming up with imaginative solutions?


Match the transferable skills (1-8) to the professional behavior (a-h).

1 analytical skills a I have a justified belief in my ability to do the job. I am able to express my opinion or provide advice when necessary. I am good at making decisions.
2 creativity b I actively seek feedback on my performance and carefully consider feedback. I demonstrate an interest in and understanding of my own and other cultures. I understand my own strengths and limitations.
3 self-confidence c I am good at getting a good deal. I am good at developing and managing relationships with others. I am able to persuade, convince and support from others.
4 communication skills d I am able to formulate new ideas to solve problems. I am able to think ahead to spot or create opportunities. I set aside thinking time to come up with alternative ways of getting things done more efficiently.
5 independence e I can work with sustained energy and determination on my own. I can find ways to overcome obstacles to set myself achievable goals. I strive towards my own targets and refuse to settle for second best.
6 interpersonal skills f I am good at data analysis. I am excellent at interpreting data to see cause and effect and am able to use this information to make effective decisions.
7 negotiation skills g I am able to express myself effectively. I am able to make my opinions totally clear and am rarely misunderstood. I produce clear, well-written reports that can be easily understood.
8 self-awareness I am good at working cooperatively. I am good at working and communicating within a team to achieve shared goals. I am a good listener.


Look at the following common interview questions. Write the type of question (a-c) next to each question (1-12).

a. Questions that require you to talk about yourself, your ambitions, your personality, your hobbies and interests.

b. Questions that require you to prove you have researched the job and company you have applied for work with.

c. Questions that require you to demonstrate you have the skills and experience required for the job.


1. Can you tell us something about yourself? _a_

2. What experience do you have that is relevant for this position? ___

3. What did learn during your time at university? ___

4. What do you see as your strengths? ___

5. What do you think about our website? ___

6. What attracted you to this position? ___

7. How do your colleagues describe you? ___

8. What sorts of projects did you work on in your last position? ___

9. What university did you attend and why did you choose it? ____

10. How do you typically approach new projects? ___

11. What do you know about our company? ___

12. Where do you see yourself in five years’ time? ___


Summarize the main idea of the text in 8-10 sentences.

Read the following text dealing with the topic of Unit V.

What are Internships?

“Internships provide short-term, practical experience for students, recent graduates, and people changing careers,” according to the Occupational Outlook Quarterly. They last from 10 weeks to 12 months and are designed primarily for college students (although some are open to high school students and career changers). Many internships are unpaid, while some provide a stipend or academic credit. Internships provide you with an excellent way to try out a career, learn valuable job and soft skills, and build a network of contacts in your industry.

Your experiences as an intern will vary greatly depending on your employer and whether the program is sanctioned by your college. Some interns fetch coffee and open mail, while others get hands-on experience working on a variety of critical projects. Obviously, the best type of internship is one where you receive hands-on experience—ideally in more than one department at the company. But even if you end up performing clerical duties, you should make the most of your internship by using it as an opportunity to expand your network and make future employment contacts.

The types of Internship programs.

There are several types of internships, according to WetFeet.com, a career resource Web site. They include cooperative education, externships, practicums, service learning, field experience, and apprenticeships.


Cooperative education

This is the most common type of internship. Students participate in a formal program that has been created as a partnership between the college and a company. You will get the opportunity to work in fields that match your major and often receive college credit for your experiences.



Externships are a lot like job shadowing, and they last only one to three weeks. They are most popular in the legal and medical fields and are unpaid. According to WetFeet, externships “enable you to investigate a career field without making a long term commitment.” If you participate in an externship, you will follow a worker during a typical day on the job. You will get to learn about the worker’s job duties and work environment, the pros and cons of his or her job, and the skills that are needed to be successful in that type of career.



In a practicum, you get the opportunity to apply what you are learning in college to a real-world project. These group or individual projects are organized by your academic adviser or department head to help you get real-world experience in a field and develop relationships with potential employers.


Service learning

Service learning is a community-based form of internship in which you develop a project that improves your community. This might involve working at a homeless shelter, assisting in a literacy program at a local high school, cleaning up a park, or helping elderly people get to medical appointments. Service-learning projects typically consist of three steps. First, you work with your adviser to establish the goals and time duration of your endeavor. Then you actually perform the work. Finally, you study your experiences and present conclusions about the effectiveness of your work.


Field experience

Participating in fieldwork is an excellent way for people pursuing careers in science, anthropology, sociology, or other fields to gain hands-on experience. It is a good way to apply all the theory you learn in class to real-world situations. Field experiences can vary greatly based on your major and school. For example, anthropology students at Saint Louis University recently participated in fieldwork that studied the social behavior and ecology of the mantled howler monkey in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Elementary-education students at Humboldt State University observed and participated in social studies and science classes at local elementary schools. Students in Misericordia University’s Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Program received the opportunity “to apply academically acquired knowledge in assessing, planning, and implementing occupational therapy intervention programs for consumers in a wide variety of traditional and non-traditional service settings.”



Participating in an apprenticeship will help you to learn a high-skilled trade such as plumbing technology, clothing design, or electronics technology. Apprenticeships usually combine both in-school education and practical experience. They offer wages that increase as you gain more experience. Apprenticeships can last anywhere from one to five years. Visit http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/training/ apprenticeship.htm for more information on apprenticeships.



internships практика, стажировка
graduate выпускник учебного заведения
provide предоставлять
academic credit академический зачетный кредит
hands-on experience практический опыт
obviously очевидно
clerical duties обязанности секретаря
opportunity возможность
expand расширять
apprenticeships профессионал. обучение и практика
include включать
job shadowing наблюдение за работой специалиста
investigate изучать
commitment обязательство
work environment условия труда
conclusions выводы
pursue иметь профессию
assessing оценка
implementing выполнение, осуществление
occupational therapy профессиональная переподготовка
intervention programs коррекционная программа
plumbing слесарно–водопроводное дело
gain experience приобретать опыт


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