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В. Who's Who at Madame Tussaud's

Every visitor to London knows who Madame Tussaud is - or was. And almost every visitor has seen her, ... old lady of 81, standing at ... entrance to her own exhibition. She is made ... wax, like all ... models of people at ... exhibition.

Born in 1760, she learned ... art of making life-size traits in ... wax when she was ... young girl in ... France. In 1802 she came to England and since 1855 her exhibition has... permanent home in ... Baker Street, London. What was ... so of her success? Her portraits were lifelike and convincing (убедительный). She paid great attention to detail and spent ... lot of money ... right clothes and effective lighting. And Madame Tussaud's portraits were always up to date and topical (современный и злободневный).

Thousands of people still queue up (стоять в очереди) to look at these portraits of ... famous and ... infamous.

5. Use the verbs in the Passive Voice:

1. They have decorated a huge New-Year tree in the centre of the square. 2. We had taken out our luggage before the car arrived. 3. What music are they playing? 4. They are speaking on educational problems. 5. I hope that he will have received my letter by Saturday. 6. I have cooked the dinner and laid the table. 7. They were singing folk songs. 8. Don't worry, we'll look after your children. 9. I have made a few New Year's resolutions (принять решение). 10. Nobody has lived in this house for a long time. 11. She opened the door and let him in.

6. Use articles if necessary:

A. Christmas

Most people in ... Britain see Christmas as .. .major festival of... year -- when parties are given and gifts are received. Almost all... people are having fun (веселиться) on Christmas Eve, especially children. On Christmas Eve, children hang ... stockings at... end of their beds or over ... fireplace. They are told that Father Christmas, or Santa Claus, arrives at... night from ... North Pole and fills each stocking with ... presents. The children open their presents -- put there secretly by their parents -- on Christmas morning.

Lunch is ... most important point on Christmas Day. ... traditional lunch consists of... roast turkey with ... vegetables, followed by Christmas pudding, which is made with ... dried fruit and ... brandy. Sometimes ... coin is put in ... pudding as

... surprise.

... day after Christmas is called Boxing Day (after the church box which was opened for,.. poor on that day) and this too is ... public holiday.

B. New Year's Eve in Scotland

People all over ... Britain celebrate ... passing of... old year and ... coming of ... new. In Scotland, Hogmanay -- as it is called there -- is almost as important as Christmas.... Scots take New Year's Eve very seriously. There is a New Year Eve Fire Festival; ... men parade with blazing tar barrels (горящие бочки с дегтем), they throw them into ... great bonfire. The "First Foots" then set out In Scotland "first footing" is ... common custom; it's considered lucky if... dark-haired man is.... first to set foot in... house after midnight on Hogmanay, bringing ... coin,... piece of... bread, or... lump of... coal as... symbol of plenty (символ изобилия) for... coming year.

C. Robin Hood

It is generally believed that Robin Hood was .... man who fought for ... better life of ... poor people. How old ... story about Robin Hood is nobody knows. ... oldest ballads about him were written down after 1400. One of ... ballads that comes from those distant times says that Robin Hood was ... Yorkshireman.... ballad says,

"For he was ... good outlaw (человек, объявленный вне закона)

And did poor men much good."

Did such a Robin ever live? His name is first mentioned in Government documents of... 13th century.

So one can be sure that Robin Hood did live and was something like... man described in these early ballads.

He became such... popular hero that in many places there was ... special Robin Hood's day, attended by thousands of ... people.

In ... 16th century ... writer Anthony Munday decided to make ... nobleman out Of Robin. Perhaps they thought that it was too dangerous for... ordinary people to think that... ordinary men could be ... heroes who tried to do "poor men much good."

7. Use the verb in the Principle Clause in the Past Tense and make all the necessary changes:

A. 1. She says that she works five days a week. 2. I know they love classical music. 3. We believe that it is true. 4. I'm afraid I don't understand the problem. 5. The guide says there ; is a medieval castle on the top of the hill. 6. He says he can't speak French.

B. 1. We know that we are going to begin our work tomorrow. 2; I think it is beginning to rain. 3. She says she is washing i up and her sister is watching television. 4. They say it is snowing heavily and a strong wind is blowing. 5. He says they are going to Britain for summer holidays.

C. 1.1 think they have returned from the trip. 2. They say they have made and lot of pictures of New York. 3. We know you have travelled all over America. 4. She says she has made some interesting new friends. 5. He is sorry he hasn't been able to pass the exam. 6. I'm sure they have received our letter. 7. She doesn't remember how long they have been leaning English. 8. She says it has been raining ever since morning.

D. 1. He says he wrote the letter last week. 2. Mother says my brother returned an hour ago. 3. They say there were a lot of questions after the lecture. 4. I know he had an accident a couple of days ago. 5. I suppose I saw them at the theatre. 6, She writes that they visited Liverpool, the home town of the Beatles, last summer. 7. I'm sure you had a wonderful holiday in St. Petersburg. 8. The children say they had a very good time with their granny.

E. 1. I suppose my sister will meet me at the airport. 2. I'm afraid our plan won't work. 3. Mother says we shall have lunch in a few minutes. 4. The weather forecast says the weather will change for the better next week. 5. We hope we'll be able to , swim in the sea. 6. I'm sure you'll enjoy the party. 7. She says her brother will graduate in a year. 8. I suppose the work won't take us the whole day. 9. They don't know when they will return.

F. 1. The teacher says the students will be writing their paper for an hour and a half. 2.1 think I'll be looking through these papers after dinner tonight. 3. He says he'll be preparing for his report in the library. 4. I know you'll be watching television the whole evening. 5. I'm afraid they'll be quarrelling again. 6. I don't know what I'll be doing tonight. 7. We know they'll be waiting for us at the bus stop.

G. 1. She says she will have finished the translation by the evening. 2. Jane hopes her friend will have received her message by that time. 3. I'm sure the examination will have ended by 2 o'clock. 4. I promise we'll have cleaned the house by mother's return. 5. The repairmen say they'll have finished repairing the house by the end of the season. 6. The teacher says by the end of the year we'll have learned a lot.

H. 1. He says he will leave as soon as he gets the money. 2. I'm sure they'll come to the party if we invite them. 3. She says she'll go out only when she has done her homework. 4. Kate writes that she'll send us a card after she has had a sightseeing tour of London. 5. I'm afraid you'll not recognize me when we meet. 6. Mother says we'll go out to the country if it's not raining. 7.1 hope she will help me if I ask her. 8. She is afraid she won't be able to marry him before he has found a good hours.

8. Use Indirect Speech:

1. Tom said, "I have an exam tomorrow morning." 2. She said, "I divided my time between study and sport." 3. I thought, "I'll have to buy a lot of books when I go to the university next year." 4. He said, "At Cambridge I developed a taste for Norman architecture." 5. She complained, "I haven't spent enough time in the library." 6. Kate said, "I've been to Britain many times." 7. They said, "We are going to get married in May." 8. He said, "I don't know what I'm going to do tomorrow." 9. Father said, "The telegram was sent yesterday." 10. I said, "I'll stay here till tomorrow." 11. The guide said, "I'll Show you around the town if you have time after lunch." 12. She said, "Jack will graduate this spring."

9. Make Indirect Questions:


I wondered

I wanted to know

I asked

A. 1. Is Jane from England? 2. Did she study at Oxford University? 3. Do you have classes five days a week? 4. Have you seen Stonehenge? 5. Did you learn History of England at school? 6. Are you going to leave for Kiev? 7. Has the train arrived? 8. Have you been waiting for me long? 9. Will she be coming soon? 10. Have the children been taken out for a walk? 11. Are there any questions? 12. Do I have to tell the truth?

B. 1. What are you doing? 2. What countries has he visited? 3. What did the teacher tell you? 4. What time will the concert begin? 5. Where can I buy this book? 6. Why didn't you come to the party last night? 7. What language is he going to learn next year? 8. What cities of the US would you like to see? 9. How many pages will you have translated by the evening? 10. How much have you been able to find out? 11. How many bedrooms are there in their new house? 12. How far is it from the centre of Moscow?

10. Turn the following requests and commands into Reported Speech:


He asked

He told me

He ordered

He demanded

1. Come and see us one day. 2. Speak louder, please. 3. Call the doctor at once. 4. Bring my books tomorrow. 5. Stop talking. 6. Leave the room. 7. Don't put on the light. 8. Don't be angry. 9. Don't touch my things. 10. Don't forget to buy some bread. 11. Can you show me the way out? .12. Could you do me a favour?

11. Reproduce the following in the Indirect Speech:


Mr. Bruce: I'm tired, I need a holiday.

Mrs. Bruce: We're going to Egypt next month.

Mr. В.: We went to Egypt last year.

Mrs. В.: Yes, we did, and I enjoyed it, didn't you?

Mr. В.: I don't like to see the same places more than once. Besides, there are so many places we haven't visited.

Mrs. В.: Where exactly would you like to go?

Mr. В.: Australia, or New Zealand, for example.

Mrs. В.: Oh, no, I'm afraid we can't afford it.

Mr. В.: Why can't we, we've been saving the whole year

to have a good time in summer.

Mrs. В.: All right, all right, we're going to Australia.

12. Translate from Russian into English:

1, Каждый год большое количество абитуриентов сдают вступительные экзамены в наш университет. 2. В нашем университете много факультетов. 3. Наше учебное заведение готовит юристов, менеджеров, экономистов, переводчиков и других специалистов. 4. Программа обучения состоит из специальных предметов, общественных дисциплин и других предметов. 5. Курс обучения длится 5 лет. 6. Учебный год делится на 2 семестра. 6. В конце каждого семестра студенты дневного, вечернего и заочного отделений сдают зачёты и экзамены по различным предметам.. 7. Студенты, сдавшие экзамены успешно, получают стипендию. 8. В университете есть студенческое научное общество, в котором занимается много студентов. 9. Какие предметы вы изучаете? - Мы занимаемся специальными предметами, общественными дисциплинами, иностранными языками и физкультурой. 10. учусь на первом курсе. интересуюсь иностранными языками. П. Не пропускайте лекции, вам

придётся сдавать зачёты и экзамены в конце семестра. 12. Он окончил университет в прошлом году и работает юристом ( экономистом, менеджером) в фирме. 13. Я поступил в университет два года назад. 14. Наш университет был основан в 1992 году. 15. Она преподавала английский язык в школе. 16. Когда та вернешь книги в библиотеку? Их много. Ты не сможешь их нести в руках. Будет лучше, если ты попросишь Стива помочь тебе. 17. Что кажется легким хорошим студентам, часто кажется трудным менее усердным студентам. 18. Что с Петровым? Почему он нервничает? - Он объясняет своему куратору, что вчера он пропустил занятие потому, что автобус был переполнен, и он не смог сесть в него. 19. Почему экзаменатор не был удовлетворен ответом студента? - Ответ не был удовлетворительным. Это был плохой ответ. 20. Экзамены в вузах сдают два раза в год: зимой и летом.

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