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Укажите видо-временную форму глагола и переведите предложения письменно на русский язык.

Образец:

 

I am doing this boring job now because I didn’t go to university. “am doing” – Present Progressive Tense Так как я не учился в университете, я выполняю теперь эту скучную работу.

 

1 I ____ (do) this boring job now because I didn’t go to university.

2 ____ it (rain) or not?

3 John ____ (drive) on Main Street, when his car ____ (break down).

4 She must know English well. She ____ (listen) to the BBC’s “English by Radio” programmes for three years.

5 ____ you (leave) at seven o’clock? - No, I ____ (leave) at 5.

6 What ____ you (do) on Sunday evening? - I ____ (go) to the theatre with my boyfriend.

7 When Mary ____ (come) home, her husband ____ (cook) dinner.

8 Meet me at the station at three o’clock. I ____ (look out) for you.

9 The student ____ (read), while the teacher ____ (explain) the new grammar rule.

10 ____ he (study) in London for two years? It’s rather strange. His English is rather poor, and he can’t make himself understood.

ЗАДАНИЕ №2

 

Переведите предложения письменно на русский язык и укажите функцию подчеркнутых частей предложений (Ving – Participle, Ving - Gerund).

Образец:

 

 

He was accused of having spent a lot of money. “having spent” (a lot of money) – Ving – Perfect Gerund Active, функция предложного дополнения. Его обвинили в том, что он растратил много денег/Его обвинили в растрате большой суммы денег.

 

 

1 He was accused of having spent a lot of money.

2 Coming up to the door I found it locked.

3 Having lived in the country for many years, he spoke English without

a foreign accent.

4 On arriving at the hotel I was given a message.

5 He insisted on my being present at the conference.

6 The conference taking place in Paris is devoted to population growth.

7 I object to being criticized so stupidly.

8 His being a foreigner prevented him from getting a good job.

 

.

ЗАДАНИЕ № 3

Перепишите предложения, заполняя пропуски соответствующими формами модальных глаголов “can”, “must” и их эквивалентами. Переведите предложения устно на русский язык.

1 The scientist ____ repeat the experiments because he had made a

number of mistakes (necessity).

2 He ____ read his report at the conference next week (ability).

3 Did you ____ evaluate the results of your research before the

experiments had been completed? (necessity)

4 The students ____ to get the necessary books from the library

(possibility, future/ past).

5 The researcher ____ (not) complete his research in such bad

conditions (possibility, present/ past).

ЗАДАНИЕ № 4

Перепишите предложения, переведите их письменно на русский язык, определите форму и функцию подчеркнутых инфинитивов.

Образец:

There are many suggestions to simplify English by changing the spelling system. "to simplify" - Indefinite Infinitive Active, функция определения. Существует немало предложений, как сделать английский язык более доступным для изучения, изменив систему правописания.

1 There were many suggestions to simplify English by changing the



spelling system.

2 The Russian learners of English, especially those who plan to go to

the USA to study or pursue a specific career goal, must be warned

against possible misunderstandings due to differences in British and

American English.

3 I’m sorry to have taken so much of your time.

4 Love is said to be blind.

5 To go on with this business is to waste time.

6 The company uses computers to do its accounts.

7 This is an order to the bank to pay money to someone from his account.

8 It is impossible for this cheque to be paid into any bank account other

than that of the named payee.

9 The developing and relatively poor countries are said to make up the

Third World.

10 Here are the articles to be translated by Monday.

ЗАДАНИЕ № 5

Используя словообразовательные схемы, образуйте существительные (N), прилагательные (Adj) и наречия (Adv). Перепишите и переведите письменно на русский язык предложения, которые включают элементы словообразовательных схем. При необходимости обратитесь к списку вариантов перевода подчеркнутых слов, который приводится ниже.

 

profit speculate
-able -ability -eer   -ly -ing   -or -tion -ative   -ly

 

1 I profited by your advice and help.

2 She has certainly profited from spending a year at an American

college.

3 The company hopes to return to profitability this year.

4 It’s a very profitable business.

5 The police have caught a few black market profiteers.

6 He was arrested for profiteering .

7 We sold our house at a profit.

8 I made a handsome profit from the sale of my car.

9 We don’t know all the circumstances, so it would be pointless

tospeculate on what happened.

10 He’d been speculating in shares and lost a lot of money.

11 His remarks have led to intensive speculation about the

possibility of tax cuts.

12 Speculation on the Exchange is a regular practice.

13 There’s some speculation that the President already knew about

the scandal.

14 Property speculators usually make a lot of money.

15 I can’t tell you exactly what happened. What I am telling you is

a speculative guess.

воспользоваться, рентабельность, прибыльный, спекулянт, пойти на пользу, выгодный, спекулирование, спекуляция, прибыль, доход, спекулировать, польза, выгода, получать прибыль;

размышлять, гипотеза, размышление, раздумывать, обдумывание, догадка, гипотетическое допущение, предположение.

ЗАДАНИЕ № 6

Прочтите текст о преимуществах и недостатках деловых совещаний. На основе прочитанного текста соотнесите вопросы 1 – 6 с содержанием ответов A, B, C, D



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