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Assignments to the whole text

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 2курс (3 семестр)

Направление подготовки «Менеджмент»

Группа14201.270

Группа14201.270 СПО

I. Письменно переведите данные ниже предложения.

Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием -s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет в предложении:

а) показатель 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

б) признак множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показатель притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

Образец:

1. Many businessmen and tourists from Russia visit foreign countries nowadays — многие бизнесмены и туристы из России посещают сегодня зарубежные страны.

Tourists-б) Countries - б)

2. America's heavy industry is highly developed. American's — в)

1. Great Britain imports raw materials for its industries.

2. Britain's industry produces high quality goods.

3. Accounting shows a financial picture of the firm.

4. Corporations need financing for the purchase of assets and the payment of expenses.

5. He speaks much about manager's responsibility.

II.Письменно переведите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

1. The higher is the productivity of labour, the higher are the people's living standards.

2. We hope our country will become stronger, richer and more beautiful

3. These commodities are more expensive than I thought.

4. He is the best accountant in our department.

5. They got the highest salary last month.

III. Письменно переведите следующие предложения, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных местоимений и их производных.

1. There is nothing unusual in their friendship.

2. The board of directors will discuss some important problems this
Monday.

3. There was nobody in the office at that time.

4. Do you have any problems to discuss?

5. Tell us something about your company!

IV. Письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Определите время глагола и укажите его инфинитив.

1. They were investing money in this business for two years.

2. Their company takes long-term loans from the bank.

3. They studied carefully income statement and balance sheet.

4. We shall have a lot of work at the end of the fiscal year.

5. The report was prepared carefully and on lime.

V. Выберите предложения в страдательном залоге письменно переведите их.

1. Their partnership was set up five years ago.

2. We expect high level of profit.

3. This company is much spoken adout.

4. The contract will be signed tomorrow.

5. They signed this contract last year.

VI. Прочтите и переведите письменно текст.

PARTNERSHIP.

Partnership, like sole trading, has the advantage of being relatively unrestrictive, but you should think the implications through very carefully before committing yourself to another person. Do you really need a partner? Don't forget that you will be sharing all your profit as well as your workload and problems, so you must be absolutely certain that your partner will be able to make a real end lasting contribution to the business. If there is a good match of skills, experience, financial commitment or contracts, partnerships can work very well. But you must have confidence in your partner's business judgment and not merely friendship. Tо you decide that partnership is the best way forward there are three extremely important matters which you must bear in mind:



Partners are jointly and severally liable for all partnership's debts. This means, for instance, that you should be liable for business debts incurred by your partners even if you know nothing of them. Each of you is responsible for the whole amount. This includes your partner's tax liability as well as your own.

You will not be in sole control.

Take legal advice before finishing it. Your partnership agreement is a very important document. Through it you ill place restrictions on the way you, as well as your partners, can operate. You must be sure that it provides n framework that both provides for growth in the business and protects your own interests.

Partnerships is a quick and easy method of setting up in business but make sure you get good professional advice about all the benefits and potential drawbacks.

VII. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What are the advantages of a partnership?

2. Why is a partnership agreement very important?

3. What kind of a partner do you need if you want to make your
business successful?

VIII. Выпишите из текста пять предложений в Present Indefinite Tense.

Письменно переведите следующий текст:

CAN INFLATION BE BENEFICIAL

(МОЖЕТ ЛИ ИНФЛЯЦИЯ БЫТЬ

БЛАГОТВОРНОЙ)?

We would be simplifying the impact of inflation on business if we suggested that all effects were unfavorable. There is a school of thought, which argues that a low and stable rate of increase in the price level can be beneficial. It believes that a steady rise in money profits produces favorable expectations and induces investment as firms seek to expand. This action expands the economy as a whole. Paradoxically, inflation can also reduce the costs' of businesses in the short run. Many enterprises incur costs, which are fixed for some period of time - for example, the rent of a factory may be fixed at a particular figure for a few years. At a time when the selling price of the firm's product, and hence its sales income, is rising this cost will be falling in real terms and thus stimulating the business.

There is & further argument that firms may be persuaded to borrow heavily in a period of inflation since the burden of repaying loans is reduced by inflation. If inflation is running annually at 10 per cent, for example, then the real value of the repayments of the loan will fall by approximately that amount each year. This may serve to encourage investment which, since it is an injection into the circular flow, will promote the level of activity. However, in these circumstances interest rates are likely to be high.

Government will accept that low rates of inflation are likely to exist in many economies. Inflation rates of 5 per cent or below are not considered to be too great a problem, especially if competitor nations are suffering similar rates.

In spite of the above, the conclusion must be drawn that inflation is, in general, harmful to business and its environment. Indeed, many economists would contend that inflation is the fundamental evil as its presence leads to lack of competitiveness and therefore relatively high unemployment and low rates of growth. This viewpoint has gained in credence in government circles over the last few years. It is for this reason that its control has been a major objective of government economic policy throughout the 1980s and early 1990s.

VOCABULARY NOTES

beneficial- выгодный, приносящий доход

unfavorable {ant. Favourable}- неблагоприятный

there is a school of thought, which argues that- существует мнение, что...

and induces investment as firms seek to expand -и способствуетросту капиталовложений, так как фирмы (предприятия) расширяются

in the short run- очень быстро

incur costs, which are fixed for some period of time- несутрасходы, которые в течение какого-то периода являются неизменными

a furtherargument - еще один аргумент

to borrow heavily- брать взаймы большие суммы repaying loans-

выплата займов

to contend- настаивать, утверждать

this viewpoint has gained in credence- эта точка зрения получила большое распространение

a major objective- главная цель

Assignments

I. Suggest the Russian equivalents

a steady rise in money profits produces favourable expectations; this cost will be falling in real terms; this viewpoint has gained in credence in government circles.

II. Replace the parts in italics by synonyms

a steady rise in money profits induces investment as firms seek to expand; rates are not considered to be ; the conclusion must be drawn

III. Fill in the gaps with the words and expressions from the text

1. A steady rise in money profits produces___________ and induces as firms

seek to expand.

2. There is a_______ argument that firms may be to borrow heavily in a period of inflation.

3. Many economists would_______________________that inflation is the fundamental

4. This viewpoint has in government circles over the last few years.

IV. Find in the text English equivalents for the following

стимулировать капиталовложения: устанавливать цену; брать взаймы крупные суммы; настаивать, утверждать; страдать от подобного уровня

Assignments to the whole text

I. Increase your vocabulary

a) Find in the text all word-combinations with the verb "to experience"and
translate them. Think of your own examples with these combinations. What
other word-combinations with this verb do you know? Give examples.

b) Find in the text the words expressing the English for:
("понижаться)" and ("повышаться)";

("привести") and ("вызвать").

Write out the word-combinations with them and use these in your own sentences. Give synonyms to each word-combination you found in the text. What other words expressing the same meaning do you know?

II. Find English explanations or paraphrase

the economy is stretched; fiscal drag; state benefits; not index-linked wages; selling essential items; borrowing funds; a bout of inflation; wage-price spiral; a school of thought

 



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