Сделай Сам Свою Работу на 5

Choose the correct form quickly.

My, your, his, her, its, our, their

My kitten is playing with its tail again.

Они могут употребляться в абсолютной степени, если используются отдельно от существительного.

Don’t boast. Our house is much better than yours.

3. Указательные местоимения (demonstrative pronouns) указывают на местоположение в пространстве или в контексте.

This, that, these, those

This chair is not so shaky as that one.

4. Возвратные местоимения (reflexive pronouns) указывают на то, что действие направлено натех, кого уже называли.

(I) myself, (you) yourself, (he) himself, (she) herself, (it) itself, (we) ourselves, (you) yourselves, (they) themselves

He cuthimselfwhen he was shaving.

5. Неопределенные местоимения (indefinite pronouns) указывают на неопределенное количество и качество.

some, something, somebody, someone (какое-то, сколько-то); any, anything, anybody, anyone(любое), one, ones

Some people drink only coffee, others prefer tea.

Is there any tea in the house?! – No, there’s none left. – Somebody will have to go and buy some.

Сюда же часто относят и отрицательные местоимения (negative pronouns), которые указывают на отсутствие предмета (no, nothing, nobody, no one, none, neither).

В этот класс порой включают и местоимения обобщающего характера (all, every, each, everything, everybody, everyone; both, either).

К неопределенным местоимениям можно присоединить и те, которые указывают на отличия (other, others, another) или на взаимность действия (each other, one another).

6. Вопросительные местоимения (interrogative pronouns) указывают на характер запрашиваемой информации.

Who, what, which, whose, whom (whoever, whatever, whichever)

Which of you took the money? – Whose money?

7. Относительные местоимения (relative pronouns), многие из которых очень похожи на вопросительные, устанавливают отношения между частями предложения.

That, who, what, which, whose, whoever, whichever, whom

I know that you took the money. I wonder who helped you to do it.

 

Let’s see what you know about English pronouns after studying them at school.

1. Translate into Russian:

1. I like it here. 2. Ours is the best. 3. None were in time. - Whoever told you that! 4. That was a picture of myself. 5. That’s a friend of mine. – Which? –The one in a red dress. 6. Who’s that over there? 7. Like me, he is a student. 8. They cost 5 dollars each. 9. There is nothing here to look at. 10. Hardly anybody else will come.

11. The coat is both good and cheap. 12. That’s a nice tie over there. 13. One should do one’s duty. 14. It’s nobody’s business but mine. 15. You don’t seem yourself today. 16. That’s the man whose car’s been stolen. 17. One for all, and all for one. 18. She works every other day. 19. Blame only yourself. 20. Don’t hurt yourself.

При помощи личных местоимений мы указываем на ситуативное распределение ролей в разговоре: I – говорящий, we – говорящий и кто-то еще, you – слушающий или слушающий и кто-то еще, и т.п.
It не указывает на средний род, как в русском языке (пальто, лето, счастье и т.п. оно), так как грамматического рода в английском нет.

 

It показывает что различия по биологическому полу не важны или их вообще нет. the cat – it (если чужая или бродячая) or he/ she (если пол известен и важен – опять котята!) the table – it the baby –it (если пол не известен или не важен)

 

It может соотноситься со всей ситуацией в целом. She failed the exam. It upset her. (ситуация в целом) Холодно. It’s cold. Скользко. It’s slippery

 

2. Use quickly he, she or it.

1. a stray dog 2. your favourite toy tiger 3.our dog 4. our life 5. money 6. a mouse 7. your tooth 8. your relative 9. a friend of yours 10. your cousin 11. your garden 12. the ship’s crew 13. your teacher’s cat 14. your mother’s money 15. the ship’s captain

Add question-tags.

1. Father is out, isn’t ___? 2. There is nobody in the corridor, is ___? 3. Nothing is missing, is ___? 4. Everybody likes to dream, don’t ___? 5. Your dog doesn’t bark at strangers, does ___? 6. Anybody can read, can’t ___? 7. Any cat is fluffy, isn’t ___? 8. Nobody wants to be lonely, do ___? 9. Deer live in forests, don’t ___? 10. Just look! My car is beautiful, isn’t ___?

4. Choose it or there quickly.

1. ___ is windy today. 2. ___ is a strong wind blowing. 3. ___ is no time left. 4. ___’s not the time to argue. 5. ___’s just the time to have a bite. 6. ___ is no place like home. 7. ___’s dark. 8. ___’s no moon tonight. 9. ___ was slippery yesterday. 10. ___’s one way out, I’m sure. 11. ___’s not easy at all. 12. ___’s far from here.

 

У личных местоимений сохранился давно вымерший объектный падеж В этой форме они употребляются в ролидополнений и обстоятельств. I see him. She’s sitting by me right now.
Singular Plural
I – me we – us
you you
he – him they – them
she – her
It

 

 

Use a suitable form of the personal pronoun.

1. My brother and ___ are twins. 2. Who’s that? – It’s ___. 3. Don’t hurt ___, please, he’s so helpless. 4. Tell ___ when you are ready. We’re waiting. 5. Where are my spectacles? I can’t find ___. 6. It doesn’t depend on ___ or ___, it depends on Mum or Dad. 7. How well do you know Susan? Could we trust ___? 8. We’ll keep ___ informed, you can be sure. 9. We recognized ___ by his voice, he didn’t deceive ___. 10. It was silly of ___ to help ___, they just used you. 11. The sun is setting red, I don’t like ___. 12. The cat is feeding the kitten and licking ___.

 

Притяжательные местоимения имеют две формы основную(my) иабсолютную (mine).
my – mine your – yours
his our – ours
her – hers their – theirs
its  

 

 

Перед существительным употребляется основная форма. This is my car. Your test was the best (one).

 

То существительное, к которому относится абсолютная форма, используется предложении или раньше, или позже. This car is mine. Yours was the best test.

Choose the correct form quickly.

1. __ (her, hers) are the worst answers. ___ (her, hers) marks are the worst too. 2. They are looking for ___ (their, theirs) keys. 3. Put down ___ (my, mine) address and I’ll write down ___ (your, yours). 4. It’s nobody’s business but ___ (my, mine). 5. Give it back! It’s ___ (her, hers)! 6. From now on you’re an enemy of ___ (their, theirs). 7. ___ (my, mine) chip’s yellow, ___ (her, hers) – green, and ___ (your, yours) – pink. Don’t mix them up! 8. Most of ___ (her, hers) friends can’t drive at all. And what about ___ (your, yours)? 9. I’m going to grow ___ (my, mine) own lemon tree. The problem is – where I could do it. I have no flat of ___ (my, mine) own yet. 10. I know where ___ (their, theirs) documents are. Try to find ___ (our, ours).

 

Указательные местоимения выбираем, исходя из: 1) расстояния– близкоили далеко. I’ll take this apple, you’ll have to get that one. рядомна дальней ветке 2) числа– единственногоилимножественного. That was good advice. Those were strange people.

 

В тексте that обычно отсылает нас к предыдущему контексту. They failed. – That’s a pity.

 



©2015- 2017 stydopedia.ru Все материалы защищены законодательством РФ.